Santiago Metropolitan Region

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Santiago Metropolitan Region

Región Metropolitana de Santiago (RM)
Banner o Santiago Metropolitan Region
Coat o Airms o Santiago Metropolitan Region
Coat airms
Map of Santiago Metropolitan Region
Map of Santiago Metropolitan Region
Coordinates: 33°26′16″S 70°39′01″W / 33.43778°S 70.65028°W / -33.43778; -70.65028Coordinates: 33°26′16″S 70°39′01″W / 33.43778°S 70.65028°W / -33.43778; -70.65028
Kintra Chile
ProvincesSantiago, Chacabuco, Cordillera, Maipo, Melipilla, Talagante
 • IntendantCecilia Pérez (RN)
 • Total15403.2 km2 (5,947.2 sq mi)
Area rank15
Highest elevation
6570 m (21,560 ft)
 • Total6,061,185
 • Rank1
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeCL-RM
Website(in Spaingie) Gobierno Regional Metropolitano de Santiago

Santiago Metropolitan Region or simply Metropolitan Region (Spaingie: Región Metropolitana de Santiago) is ane o Chile's 15 first order admeenistrative diveesions. It is the kintra's anerlie landlocked admeenistrative region an contains the naition's caipital, Santiago. Maist commercial an admeenistrative centers are locatit in the region, includin Chile's main international airport, Arturo Merino Benítez.

Wi an aurie o 15,403.2 km2 (5,947 sq mi) an population ower 6 million, it is Chile's smawest, maist populatit an maist densely populatit region. It is an aa the kintra's anerlie region that daes no hae a Roman numeral identifier.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region's history stairtit in 1542,[1] a few days efter Santiago wis foondit. When the Santiago cabildo wis biggit, its function wis tae supervise the entire territory. Later, wi the creation o the ceeties o La Serena an Concepción an the creation o thair respective cabildos, its territorial reach wis reduced.

On August 30, 1826, 8 provinces wur creatit, wi the Santiago Province bein ane o them, but it wisna till 1980 that the Metropolitan Region wis creatit.

Regional Intendence.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Metropolitana is Chile's anerlie landlocked region an lies in the Intermediate Depression valley atween the Chilean Coast Range an the Andes muntains. Cerro San Cristóbal dominates the sprawlin Santiago ceetyscape at a heicht o 880 m (2,887 ft) abuin sea level wi ceety suburbs steadily climbin the fuithills o the Andes tae the east. The Tupungato stratovolcano, measures 6,570 m (21,555 ft) on the Argentine border, is ane o Sooth Americae's heichest peaks.

The dominant drainage basin feeds intae the Mapocho River; its main tributaries are the Maio, Yeso an Colorado rivers.[1]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region's warm, temperate climate prevails wi lang, dry periods. At heicher elevations, temperatures drop an rainfaw increases.[1]

Economy an cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region's principal industries include manufacturin, services, retail, an financial services. The caipital o Santiago serves as the kintra's admeenistrative, industrial, commercial, financial an cultural center, producin 41.5% o Chile's gross domestic product, accordin tae central bank estimates. The Plaza de Armas, the central square in dountoun Santiago, hosts the ceety's cathedral an ceety haw. Aicht ceety blocks aroond the presidential palace, La Moneda, are whaur maist meenistries, services an commercial banks can be foond. Vitacura an El Golf host maist o the ceety's heich-rise biggins an are an aa hame tae the Latin American heidquarters o several Unitit Naitions organisations.[1] Tho Santiago's expansion haes caused newer vineyards tae mair rural locations, mony o the kintra's auldest wineries, biggit in the 19t century, hae preserved cellars in the valley.[1]

Govrenment an admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region is dividit intae 6 provinces, which are thairsels dividit intae 52 communes. The region is govrened bi the intendant, who is assigned bi the preses. In 2010, Fernando Echeverría replaced Igor Garafulic as the region's intendant. The admeenistration o each commune resides on the respective municipality.

The region's representatives in the Senate are:

Poleetical an admeenistrative diveesions o the Santiago Metropolitan Region
Province Caipital Communes
Chacabuco Colina
Cordillera Puente Alto
Maipo San Bernardo
Melipilla Melipilla
Santiago Santiago
Talagante Talagante

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c d e f g "Santiago Metropolitan Region". Govrenment o Chile Foreign Investment Committee. Archived frae the original on 10 Mey 2020. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2010.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]