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Samashki (Roushie: Самашки; Chechen: Саьмаӏашка) is a landwart locality (a selo) in Achkhoy-Martanovsky Destrict o Chechnie, Roushie, locatit on the wastren plains. Population: 11,275 (2010 Census);[1] 10,824 (2002 Census).[2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Syne 1992, it is a border veelage wi the Republic o Ingushetie. The pre-war population of Samashki coontit aboot 14,600 fowk (aboot 12,000 in October 1999[3]).

Durin baith Chechen Wars the veelage suffered greatly frae the hostilities,[3] maist notably in the notorious Aprile 1995 incident kent as Samashki massacre which resultit in the daiths o mair nor 100 tae 300 civilians.

In Mairch 1996 anither attack on the toun teuk the form o a full-scale assault wi apparent disregard for the civilian lives; accordin tae Human Rights Watch, Roushie forces uised civilians as a human shields on APCs.[4] Reports suggestit some 500 civilians wur killed aathegither in the result o the Aprile 1995 an Mairch 1996 attacks.[5] The next month, Roushie journalist Nadezhda Chaikova, who haed filmit the effects o the 1996 attack, wis killed execution-style in Chechnie.[6]

A devastatin airtillery an rocket attack on Samashki teuk place in October 1999 at the beginnin o the Seicont Chechen War, despite the demilitarization o the veelage,[7] killin or injurin dozens o residents on the day o 27 October 1999 alane, accordin tae HRW.[8] At the time, the deputy commander o the North Caucasus Militar Destrict annooncit that thare wur anerly "bandits an terrorists" in Samashki,[5] but a report for the Breetish pairlament claimit civilians wur killed in revenge for the hivy casualties suffered thare bi Roushie forces durin the first war.[9]

Federal forces reporti a lairge-scale operation in Samashki in Mey 2000.[10]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

A railway line frae Nazran tae Grozny runs throu Samashki. The RostovBaku Heich-gate, which connects Nazran, Grozny, an Gudermes, lees fower kilometres tae the sooth o Samashki.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Chechen villagers ask, why us?, The Guardian, November 17, 1999
  4. ACCOUNTABILITY By the Russian Side, Human Rights Watch, 1997
  5. 5.0 5.1 Russian bombardment sows terror in town, Boston Globe, 13 November 1999
  6. Journalists Killed in 1996: 26 Confirmed, Committee to Protect Journalists, December 31, 1996
  7. How war came to a Chechen village, BBC News, 1 December 1999
  8. Many Civilians Killed in Samashki Village, Chechnya, Human Rights Watch, November 4, 1999
  9. The Conflict in Chechnya, Pairlament o the Unitit Kinrick, 2000
  10. Top Russians killed in Chechnya, BBC News, 31 May 2000