Mainlaund Cheenae

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mainlaund Cheenae
The highlighted orange area in the map is what is commonly known as "mainland China".
Simplifee'd Cheenese 中国大陆
Tradeetional Cheenese 中國大陸
Leeteral meanin Continental China
Alternative Cheenese name
Simplifee'd Cheenese
Tradeetional Cheenese
Leeteral meanin Inland

Mainlaund Cheenae, an aw kent as the Cheenese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical aurie unner the direct jurisdiction of the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (PRC). It includes Hainan island an strictly speakin, politically, daes nae include the special admeenistrative regions of Hong Kong an Macau, even tho baith are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass). The term "mainlaund Cheenae" wis coined[citation needit] bi the Kuomintang (KMT Party) efter receiving control of Taiwan frae Japan efter World War II. Bi 1949, the KMT-led Republic of China (ROC) govrenment wis defeatit in the Cheenese Ceevil War an fled tae the island of Taiwan whaur the KMT pledged tae "retake the Mainlaund". The KMT considers baith sides of the Taiwan Strait (includin Taiwan), as ane naition, whauras Taiwan's Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) considers anly mainlaund Cheenae as Cheenae, an Taiwan as a separate entity an kintra.[citation needit]

Thare are twa terms in Cheenese for "mainlaund":

  • Dàlù (大陆; 大陸), which means "the continent", an
  • Nèidì (内地; 內地), literally "inlaund" or "inner laund".

In the PRC, the uisage of the twa terms are strictly speakin nae interchangeable. Tae emphasize "equal footing" in Cross-Strait relations, the term must be uised in offeecial contexts wi reference tae Taiwan, wi the PRC referring tae itself as "the mainlaund side" (as opposed tae "the Taiwan side"). But in its relations wi Hong Kong an Macau, the PRC govrenment refers tae itself as "the Central People's Government", an Mainlaund Cheenae excluding Hong Kong an Macau is referred as Nèidì.

"Mainlaund" area is the opposing term tae "free area of the Republic of Cheenae" uised in the ROC Constitution (as amended in Apryle 2000). It treats the "mainlaund" as pairt of ROC's territory despite the lack of effective control.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]