M16 rifle

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Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16
M16a1m16a2m4m16a45wi.jpg
Frae top tae bottom: M16A1, M16A2, M4A1, M16A4
TeepAssaut rifle
Place o oreeginUnited States
Service history
In service1964–present[1]
WarsBattle o Marawi[5]
Production history
DesignerEugene Stoner an L. James Sullivan[6]
Designed1956[7]
Manufacturer
Produced
  • As the Armalite AR-15 frae 1959 tae 1964[7]
  • As the Colt M16 rifle frae 1964 tae present[1]
No. biggitc. 8 million[8]
VariantsSee Leet o Colt AR-15 an M16 rifle variants
Specifications (M16)
Wecht6.37 lb (2.89 kg) (unlaidit)
7.5 lb (3.40 kg) (laidit)
Lenth39.5 in (1,003 mm)
Baurel lenth20 in (508 mm)

Cartridge5.56×45mm NATO
ActionGas-operatit, rotatin bowt (direct impingement)
Rate o fire700–950 roonds/meen cyclic sustained
45–60 roonds/meen semi-automatic
Muzzle velocity3,150 ft/s (960 m/s) (M855A1 roond)[9]
Effective firin range550 m (601 yd) (pynt target)[10]
800 m (875 yd) (aurie target)[11]
Maximum firin range3,600 m (3,937 yd)
Feed seestem20-roond detachable box magazine:
0.211 lb (96 g) emptie / 0.738 lb (335 g) full
30-roond detachable box magazine:
0.257 lb (117 g) emptie / 1.06 lb (480 g) full)
Beta C-Mag 100-roond dooble-lobed drum:
2.20 lb (1,000 g) emptie / 4.81 lb (2,180 g) full)
SichtsAirn sichts or various optics

The M16 rifle, offeecially designatit Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a Unitit States militar adaptation o the ArmaLite AR-15 rifle.[12][13][14][n 1]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Colt purchased the richts tae the AR-15 name in 1959 an currently uises that designation anly for semi-automatic versions o the rifle.[15][16]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Report of the M16 rifle review panel. Department of the Army. DTIC. 1 June 1968.
  2. Huband, Mark (17 June 2013). "The Liberian Civil War". Routledge – via Google Books. 
  3. "Battle For Mosul: The end could be near for IS". YouTube. 26 June 2017. 
  4. "YouTube". Youtube.com. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  5. "Arming the Maute Group in Marawi City - The Firearm Blog". Thefirearmblog.com. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2018. 
  6. Ezell, Virginia Hart (November 2001). "Focus on Basics, Urges Small Arms Designer". National Defense. National Defense Industrial Association. Archived frae the oreeginal on 7 December 2010. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Hogg, Ian V.; Weeks, John S. (2000). Military Small Arms of the 20th Century (7th ed.). Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87341-824-9. , p. 291
  8. Customers / Weapon users. Colt Weapon Systems. Archived 2 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. "M855A1 Enhanced Performance Round (EPR), LTC Philip Clark, Product Manager Small Caliber Ammunition, April 2012" (PDF). Acc.dau.mil. 
  10. "M16A2/A4 rifle". peosoldier.army.mil. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  11. "M16/A2 - 5.56 mm Semiautomatic Rifle". ArmyStudyGuide.com. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  12. Kern, Danford Allan (2006). The influence of organizational culture on the acquisition of the m16 rifle. m-14parts.com. A thesis presented to the Faculty of the US Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE, Military History. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
  13. Kokalis, Peter G. Retro AR-15. Nodakspud.com
  14. Ezell, Edward Clinton (1983). Small Arms of the World. New York: Stackpole Books. pp. 46–47. ISBN 978-0-88029-601-4. 
  15. Rose 2009, pp. 373, 380, 392
  16. Tilstra, Russell C. (2012). Small Arms for Urban Combat. US: McFarland. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-7864-6523-1.