Khan Dannun

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Khan Dannun
خان دنون
Khan Danoun
Khan Dannun is locatit in Syria
Khan Dannun
Khan Dannun
Coordinates: 33°19′55″N 36°19′56″E / 33.33194°N 36.33222°E / 33.33194; 36.33222
Kintra  Sirie
Govrenorate Rif Dimashq Govrenorate
Destrict Markaz Rif Dimashq
Nahiya Al-Kiswah
Population (2004)
 • Tot 8,727
Time zone EET (UTC+3)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+2)

Khan Dannun (Arabic: خان دنون‎, spelt Khan Danun, Khan Dunnun or Khan Dhul-Nun an aw) is a toun in soothren Sirie, admeenistratively pairt o the Markaz Rif Dimashq Destrict o the Rif Dimashq Govrenorate. Locatit sooth o Damascus, nearbi localities include al-Taybah tae the wast, Muqaylibah tae the northwast, al-Kiswah 5 kilometres tae the north an Khiyarat Dannun tae the east. Accordin tae the Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics, Khan Dannun haed a population o 8,727 in the 2004 census.[1]

Khan Dannun contains a refugee camp wi the same name an is ane o ten Palestinian refugee camps in Sirie recognisit bi UNRWA an aw. Accordin tae UNRWA statistics the camp haed a population o 7,841 in 1998.[2] According to UNRWA the population of the camp in June 2008 was 9,479 persons and 2,192 families.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Khan Dannun wis oreeginally a lairge khan ("caravansary") completit in 1376 bi the Mamluk govrenor o Damascus, Manjak al-Yusufi,[4] durin the reign o the Bahri Mamluk sultan al-Ashraf Sha'ban.[5] The khan wis designed bi Ali ibn al-Badri, kent as muhandis ash-Sham ("ingineer o Damascus.")[6] The name "Dan nun" is the colloquial version o "Dhul-Nun,"[7][8] a heichlie venerated 9t-century Muslim figur. He is considered tae be the early patriairch o the Sufis.[7] Khan Dannun became a stoppin point on the hajj ("pilgrimage tae Mecca") caravan route efter al-Kiswah, an afore Ghabaghib.[9]

The khan, wi exception o its vaults, wis built in the traditional basalt masonry typically foond in the auld structurs in Hauran.[4] It consistit o an open, square-shaped courtyard, the centre o which haed been occupee'd bi livestock. Surroondin the courtyard wur arcades built atop lodgin apairtments which servit as accommodation for visitors.[10] The courtyard wis flankit bi circular basalt towers.[7] Inside the khan wis a sma prayer ruim wi mihrab niche which indicatit the direction o Mecca.[11] A mairsh wis formit in front o the khan's gate as a result o an eastren-flowin rivulet.[7]

When traveler John Lewis Burckhardt visitit the steid in the early 19t-century, the khan wis in ruins.[10] Khan Dannun wis ane o the stops on the Damascus-Hauran line o the Hejaz Railway.[12]

In 1949, follaein the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, a Palestinian refugee camp cried Khan Dannun wis set up in the toun.[13] In 2009 a new sewage project for Khan Dannun, fundit by the European Commission, wis feenished.[14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Govrenorate. (in Arabic)
  2. Mahmoud as-Sahly, Nabil. Profiles: Palestinian Refugees in Syria. BADIL. Winter 1999.
  3. Total Registered Camp Population-Summary. UNRWA. 2008-06-30.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Meinecke, 1996, p. 46.
  5. Bosworth, 1989, p. 548.
  6. Meinecke, 1996, p. 53.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Royal Geographical Society, p. 334.
  8. Ed. Popper, 1955, p. 51. Translated work of Ibn Taghribirdi.
  9. Museums With No Frontiers, 2000, p. 202.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Burckhardt, 1822, p. 54.
  11. Constable, p. 99.
  12. Palestine Exploration Fund, 1897, p. 200.
  13. Khan Danoun Refugee Camp. Jerusalem Media and Communications Center (JMCC). 2007-01-01.
  14. UNRWA Commissioner-General Visits Syria. UNRWA. 2009-04-23.

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Palestinian refugee camps