Khan Dannun

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Khan Dannun

خان دنون

Khan Danoun
Veelage
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Coordinates: 33°19′55″N 36°19′56″E / 33.33194°N 36.33222°E / 33.33194; 36.33222
Kintra Sirie
GovrenorateRif Dimashq Govrenorate
DestrictMarkaz Rif Dimashq
NahiyaAl-Kiswah
Population
 (2004)
 • Total8,727
Time zoneUTC+3 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (EEST)

Khan Dannun (Arabic: خان دنون‎, spelt Khan Danun, Khan Dunnun or Khan Dhul-Nun an aw) is a toun in soothren Sirie, admeenistratively pairt o the Markaz Rif Dimashq Destrict o the Rif Dimashq Govrenorate. Locatit sooth o Damascus, nearbi localities include al-Taybah tae the wast, Muqaylibah tae the northwast, al-Kiswah 5 kilometres tae the north an Khiyarat Dannun tae the east. Accordin tae the Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics, Khan Dannun haed a population o 8,727 in the 2004 census.[1]

Khan Dannun contains a refugee camp wi the same name an is ane o ten Palestinian refugee camps in Sirie recognisit bi UNRWA an aw. Accordin tae UNRWA statistics the camp haed a population o 7,841 in 1998.[2] Accordin tae UNRWA the population o the camp in Juin 2008 wis 9,479 persons and 2,192 families.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Khan Dannun wis oreeginally a lairge khan ("caravansary") completit in 1376 bi the Mamluk govrenor o Damascus, Manjak al-Yusufi,[4] durin the reign o the Bahri Mamluk sultan al-Ashraf Sha'ban.[5] The khan wis designed bi Ali ibn al-Badri, kent as muhandis ash-Sham ("ingineer o Damascus.")[6] The name "Dan nun" is the colloquial version o "Dhul-Nun,"[7][8] a heichlie venerated 9t-century Muslim figur. He is considered tae be the early patriairch o the Sufis.[7] Khan Dannun became a stoppin pynt on the hajj ("pilgrimage tae Mecca") caravan route efter al-Kiswah, an afore Ghabaghib.[9]

The khan, wi exception o its vaults, wis biggit in the traditional basalt masonry teepically foond in the auld structurs in Hauran.[4] It consistit o an open, square-shaped courtyard, the centre o which haed been occupee'd bi livestock. Surroondin the courtyard wur arcades biggit atop lodgin apairtments which servit as accommodation for visitors.[10] The courtyard wis flankit bi circular basalt touers.[7] Inside the khan wis a sma prayer ruim wi mihrab niche which indicatit the direction o Mecca.[11] A mairsh wis formit in front o the khan's gate as a result o an eastren-flowin rivulet.[7]

When traveler John Lewis Burckhardt visitit the steid in the early 19t-century, the khan wis in ruins.[10] Khan Dannun wis ane o the stops on the Damascus-Hauran line o the Hejaz Railway.[12]

In 1949, follaein the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, a Palestinian refugee camp cried Khan Dannun wis set up in the toun.[13] In 2009 a new sewage project for Khan Dannun, fundit bi the European Commission, wis feenished.[14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Govrenorate. (in Arabic)
  2. Mahmoud as-Sahly, Nabil. Profiles: Palestinian Refugees in Syria. BADIL. Winter 1999.
  3. Total Registered Camp Population-Summary. UNRWA. 2008-06-30.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Meinecke, 1996, p. 46.
  5. Bosworth, 1989, p. 548.
  6. Meinecke, 1996, p. 53.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Royal Geographical Society, p. 334.
  8. Ed. Popper, 1955, p. 51. Translated work of Ibn Taghribirdi.
  9. Museums With No Frontiers, 2000, p. 202.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Burckhardt, 1822, p. 54.
  11. Constable, p. 99.
  12. Palestine Exploration Fund, 1897, p. 200.
  13. Khan Danoun Refugee Camp. Jerusalem Media and Communications Center (JMCC). 2007-01-01.
  14. UNRWA Commissioner-General Visits Syria. UNRWA. 2009-04-23.

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1989). Encyclopaedia of Islam , Fascicle 107, Parts 107-108. Brill Archive. ISBN 9004090827.
  • Burckhardt, John Lewis (1822). Travels in Syria and the Holy Land. J. Murray.
  • Constable, Olivia Remia (2004). Housing the Stranger in the Mediterranean Warld: Lodging, Trade, and Travel in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521819180.
  • Meinecke, Michael (1996). Patterns of Stylistic Changes in Islamic Architecture: Local Traditions Versus Migrating Artists. New York University Press. ISBN 9780814754924.
  • Museum With No Frontiers (2000). The Umayyads: The Rise of Islamic Art. AIRP. ISBN 187404435X.
  • Ibn Taghribirdi (1955). William Popper (ed.). University of California publications in Semitic philology. 15-17. The University of California Press.
  • Palestine Exploration Fund (1897). Quarterly Statement. Office of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  • Royal Geographical Society (1846). The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. 16. Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain).

Template:Palestinian refugee camps