Khan Dannun

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Khan Dannun

خان دنون

Khan Danoun
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Coordinates: 33°19′55″N 36°19′56″E / 33.33194°N 36.33222°E / 33.33194; 36.33222
Kintra Sirie
GovrenorateRif Dimashq Govrenorate
DestrictMarkaz Rif Dimashq
 • Total8,727
Time zoneUTC+3 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (EEST)

Khan Dannun (Arabic: خان دنون‎, spelt Khan Danun, Khan Dunnun or Khan Dhul-Nun an aw) is a toun in soothren Sirie, admeenistratively pairt o the Markaz Rif Dimashq Destrict o the Rif Dimashq Govrenorate. Locatit sooth o Damascus, nearbi localities include al-Taybah tae the wast, Muqaylibah tae the northwast, al-Kiswah 5 kilometres tae the north an Khiyarat Dannun tae the east. Accordin tae the Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics, Khan Dannun haed a population o 8,727 in the 2004 census.[1]

Khan Dannun contains a refugee camp wi the same name an is ane o ten Palestinian refugee camps in Sirie recognisit bi UNRWA an aw. Accordin tae UNRWA statistics the camp haed a population o 7,841 in 1998.[2] Accordin tae UNRWA the population o the camp in Juin 2008 wis 9,479 persons and 2,192 families.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Khan Dannun wis oreeginally a lairge khan ("caravansary") completit in 1376 bi the Mamluk govrenor o Damascus, Manjak al-Yusufi,[4] durin the reign o the Bahri Mamluk sultan al-Ashraf Sha'ban.[5] The khan wis designed bi Ali ibn al-Badri, kent as muhandis ash-Sham ("ingineer o Damascus.")[6] The name "Dan nun" is the colloquial version o "Dhul-Nun,"[7][8] a heichlie venerated 9t-century Muslim figur. He is considered tae be the early patriairch o the Sufis.[7] Khan Dannun became a stoppin pynt on the hajj ("pilgrimage tae Mecca") caravan route efter al-Kiswah, an afore Ghabaghib.[9]

The khan, wi exception o its vaults, wis biggit in the traditional basalt masonry teepically foond in the auld structurs in Hauran.[4] It consistit o an open, square-shaped courtyard, the centre o which haed been occupee'd bi livestock. Surroondin the courtyard wur arcades biggit atop lodgin apairtments which servit as accommodation for visitors.[10] The courtyard wis flankit bi circular basalt touers.[7] Inside the khan wis a sma prayer ruim wi mihrab niche which indicatit the direction o Mecca.[11] A mairsh wis formit in front o the khan's gate as a result o an eastren-flowin rivulet.[7]

When traveler John Lewis Burckhardt visitit the steid in the early 19t-century, the khan wis in ruins.[10] Khan Dannun wis ane o the stops on the Damascus-Hauran line o the Hejaz Railway.[12]

In 1949, follaein the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, a Palestinian refugee camp cried Khan Dannun wis set up in the toun.[13] In 2009 a new sewage project for Khan Dannun, fundit bi the European Commission, wis feenished.[14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. General Census of Population and Housing 2004 Archived 2012-12-09 at Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Govrenorate. (in Arabic)
  2. Mahmoud as-Sahly, Nabil. Profiles: Palestinian Refugees in Syria Archived 2012-10-20 at the Wayback Machine. BADIL. Winter 1999.
  3. Total Registered Camp Population-Summary. UNRWA. 2008-06-30.
  4. a b Meinecke, 1996, p. 46.
  5. Bosworth, 1989, p. 548.
  6. Meinecke, 1996, p. 53.
  7. a b c d Royal Geographical Society, p. 334.
  8. Ed. Popper, 1955, p. 51. Translated work of Ibn Taghribirdi.
  9. Museums With No Frontiers, 2000, p. 202.
  10. a b Burckhardt, 1822, p. 54.
  11. Constable, p. 99.
  12. Palestine Exploration Fund, 1897, p. 200.
  13. Khan Danoun Refugee Camp. Jerusalem Media and Communications Center (JMCC). 2007-01-01.
  14. UNRWA Commissioner-General Visits Syria. UNRWA. 2009-04-23.

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1989). Encyclopaedia of Islam , Fascicle 107, Parts 107-108. Brill Archive. ISBN 9004090827.
  • Burckhardt, John Lewis (1822). Travels in Syria and the Holy Land. J. Murray.
  • Constable, Olivia Remia (2004). Housing the Stranger in the Mediterranean Warld: Lodging, Trade, and Travel in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521819180.
  • Meinecke, Michael (1996). Patterns of Stylistic Changes in Islamic Architecture: Local Traditions Versus Migrating Artists. New York University Press. ISBN 9780814754924.
  • Museum With No Frontiers (2000). The Umayyads: The Rise of Islamic Art. AIRP. ISBN 187404435X.
  • Ibn Taghribirdi (1955). William Popper (ed.). University of California publications in Semitic philology. 15-17. The University of California Press.
  • Palestine Exploration Fund (1897). Quarterly Statement. Office of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
  • Royal Geographical Society (1846). The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. 16. Royal Geographical Society (Great Britain).

Template:Palestinian refugee camps