Kandahar Province

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Map o Afghanistan wi Kandahar heichlichtit

Kandahar or Qandahar (Pashto: کندھار or قندهار‎) (Persie: قندهار‎) is ane o the lairgest o the thirty-fower provinces o Afghanistan. It is locatit in soothren Afghanistan, atween Helmand, Oruzgan an Zabul provinces. Its caipital is the ceety o Kandahar, which is locatit on the Arghandab River. The province haes a population o nearly 913,000, wi ower 800,000 livin in its caipital ceety. The main inhabitants o Kandahar province are the Pashtuns.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

There is speculation aboot the oreegin o the name "Kandahar". It is believed that Kandahar bears Alexander's name, an derives frae the Pashto renderin o Iskandariya or Alexandria.[1] A temple tae the deifee'd Alexander as well as an inscription in Greek an Aramaic bi the emperor Ashoka, who lived a few decades later, hae been discovered in the auld citadel.[2] Alternatively, it is believed that "Kandahar" mey derive its name frae Gandhara, an auncient kinrick alang the modren Kashmir an Afghanistan border,[3] and former satrapy of the Persian Empire.[4][5] It is suggestit that fowk o Gandhara migratit sooth tae Arachosia an transferred the name wi them.[6]

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein is a leet o the destricts o Kandahar Province:

Destricts o Kandahar.
Destricts o Kandahar Province
Destrict Caipital Population[7] Aurie[8] Notes
Arghandab 51,600
Arghistan 28,900
Daman 24,800
Ghorak 8,000
Kandahar 468,200
Khakrez 19,200
Maruf 27,700
Maywand 40,700
Miyan Nasheen 12,600 Creatit in 2005 athin Shah Wali Kot Destrict
Naish 11,300 Transferred frae Oruzgan Province in 2005
Panjwaye 82,800
Reg 1,600
Shah Wali Kot 36,400 Sub-divided in 2005
Shorabak 9,600
Spin Boldak 41,000
Zhari 49,500 Creatit in 2005 frae pairts o Maywand an Panjwaye Destricts

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Alexander the Great: his towns - Alexandria in Arachosia...Link
  2. Ashoka's Rock Edicts...Link Archived 2008-05-15 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Gandara...Link Archived 2013-07-19 at the Wayback Machine
  4. W. Vogelsang, "Gandahar", in The Circle Of Ancient Iranian Studies
  5. E. Herzfeld, "The Persian Empire: Studies on Geography and Ethnography of the Ancient Near East", ed. G. Walser, Wiesbaden 1968, pp. 279, 293-94, 336-38, 345
  6. Bosworth, C.E. (1999). "Kandahār". Encyclopaedia of Islam (CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0 ed.). Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV.
  7. Kandahar PDP Provincial profile, MRRD - National Area Base Development Programme
  8. Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers

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