K-pop

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K-pop (a abbreviation o Korean pop;[1] Korean: 가요 kayo)[1] is a muisical genre oreeginatin in Sooth Korea that is characterisit bi a wide variety o audiovisual elements. Awtho it comprises aw genres o "popular muisic" athin Sooth Korea, the term is mair aften uised in a narraeer sense tae describe a modren form o Sooth Korean pop muisic coverin maistly dance-pop, pop ballad, electronic, rock, hip-hop, R&B, etc.[2]

In 1992, modren K-pop wis ushered in wi the formation o Seo Taiji & Boys, whose successful experimentation wi different muisic styles haed spairkit a paradigm shift in the muisic industry o Sooth Korea.[3] As a result, the integration o foreign muisical elements haes nou become a common practice in the K-pop industry.[4]

Bi tappin intae social netwirkin services an the video sharin platform YouTube, the K-pop industry's ability tae secure a sizable owerseas audience haes facilitatit a noticeable rise in the global proliferation o the genre.[5] Since the mid-2000s, the K-pop music market has experienced double digit growth rates. In the first half of 2012, it grossed nearly US$3.4 billion,[6] an wis recognisit bi Time magazine as "South Korea's Greatest Export".[7]

First gainin popularity in East Asie in the late 1990s, K-pop entered the Japanese muisic mercat towards the turn o the 21st century. In the late 2000s, it grew frae a muisical genre intae a subcultur amang teenagers an young adults o East an Sootheast Asie.[8] Currently, the spread o K-pop tae ither regions o the warld, via the Korean wave, is seen in pairts o Laitin Americae,[9][10][11] Northeast Indie,[12][13] North Africae,[14][15] the Middle East,[16][17] Eastren Europe[18][19] an immigrant enclaves o the Wastren warld.[20][21][22][23]

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Holden, Todd Joseph Miles; Scrase, Timothy J. (2006). Medi@sia: global media/tion in and out of context. Taylor & Francis. p. 144. ISBN 978-0-415-37155-1. Since the 1990s, the term “K-pop” has become popularized to refer to Korean popular music, being widely used throughout East and Southeast Asia. 
  2. "K-Pop". Doosan Encyclopedia. Naver. Retrieved 11 Mairch 2012. 
  3. Rothman, Lily (2013-04-12). "Beyond PSY: 5 Essential K-Pop Tracks". Time. Retrieved Aprile 13, 2013. 
  4. "What Marketers Can Learn from Korean Pop Music". Havard Business Review. Retrieved 19 October 2012.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  5. Yoon, Lina. (2010-08-26) "K-Pop Online: Korean Stars Go Global with Social Media". Time. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named billboardrevenue
  7. "South Korea's Greatest Export: How K-Pop's Rocking the World". Time. 2012-03-07. Retrieved 28 Aprile 2013. 
  8. "South Korea’s pop-cultural exports", The Economist
  9. Anjani Trivedi (Aug 1, 2013). "Forget Politics, Let's Dance: Why K-Pop Is a Latin American Smash". Time (magazine). Retrieved 9 Januar 2014. 
  10. Marlon Bishop (December 15, 2013). "Meet Latin America's Teenage Korean Pop Fanatics". NPR. Retrieved 9 Januar 2014. 
  11. "South Korea's K-pop spreads to Latin America". Agence France-Presse. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2 Mairch 2013. Retrieved 28 Mairch 2013. 
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named afpindia
  13. Anugya Chitransh (Jun 3, 2012). "'Korean Wave' takes Indian kids in its sway". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 Januar 2014. 
  14. "Korean pop culture spreads in Cairo". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 14 Aprile 2013. 
  15. "Egyptian-Korean ties endorsed through pop idol competition". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 2011-07-30. 
  16. "Middle East: Korean pop 'brings hope for peace'". BBC. 7 August 2013. 
  17. Natalie Long (December 7, 2013). "Infinite lead K-Pop invasion in Dubai". Gulf News. Retrieved 9 Januar 2014. 
  18. "K-pop Comes to Poland". The Warsaw Voice. 
  19. James Russell, Mark. "The Gangnam Phenom". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 11 October 2012. First taking off in China and Southeast Asia in the late 1990s, but really spiking after 2002, Korean TV dramas and pop music have since moved to the Middle East and Eastern Europe, and now even parts of South America. 
  20. Brown, August (2012-04-29). "K-pop enters American pop consciousness". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2013. The fan scene in America has been largely centered on major immigrant hubs like Los Angeles and New York, where Girls' Generation sold out Madison Square Garden with a crop of rising K-pop acts including BoA and Super Junior. 
  21. Seabrook, John. "Cultural technology and the making of K-pop". The New Yorker. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2013. The crowd was older than I’d expected, and the ambience felt more like a video-game convention than like a pop concert. About three out of four people were Asian-American, but there were also Caucasians of all ages, and a number of black women. 
  22. Chen, Peter (2013-02-09). "'Gangnam Style': How One Teen Immigrant Fell For K-Pop Music". Huffington Post. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2013. It is common for Chinese teens in the U.S. to be fans of K-pop, too. 
  23. "Black is the New K-Pop: Interview With 'Black K-Pop Fans'". The One Shots. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2013.