Jan Hus

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Jan Hus
Jan Hus bi an unkent author, 16t century
Husinec, Kinrick o Bohemie (nou Czech Republic)
Dee'dExecutit (burned at the stake) 6 Julie 1415 (aged ca. 45) Konstanz, Bishopric o Constance, Holy Roman Empire (nou Germany)
Ither namesJohn Hus, John Huss or Jan Huss
EraRenaissance filosofie
RegionWastren filosofie
Main interests

Jan Hus (c. 1369 – 6 Julie 1415), eften referred tae in Anglic leids as John Hus or John Huss, wis a Czech priest, filosofer, early Christian reformer an Master at Charles Varsity in Prague that becam a kirk reformer, an inspirer o Hussitism, a key predecessor tae Protestantism an a seminal feegur in the Bohemian Reformation.

Efter John Wycliffe, the theorist o ecclesiastical reform, Hus is conseedert the first kirk reformer, as he lived afore Luther, Calvin, an Zwingli. His teachins haed a strang influence on the states o Wastren Europe, maist immediately in the appruival o a reformed Bohemie releegious denomination, an, mair nor a century later, on Martin Luther himsel.[1] He wis birned at the stake for heresy against the doctrines o the Catholic Kirk, includin thae on ecclesiology, the Eucharist, an ither theological topics.

Efter Hus wis executit in 1415, the follaers o his releegious teachings (kent as Hussites) rebelled against thair Catholic rulers an defeatit five consecutive papal crusades atween 1420 an 1431 in whit becam kent as the Hussite Wars.[2] Baith the Bohemie an the Moravie populations remeened majority Hussite till the 1620s, whan a Protestant defeat in the Battle o the White Muntain resultit in the Launds o the Bohemian Croun comin unner Habsburg dominion for the next 300 years an bein subject tae immediate an forced conversion in an intense campaign o return tae Catholicism until to first world war.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Heiko Augustinus Oberman; Eileen Walliser-Schwarzbart (2006). Luther: Man Between God and the Devil. Yale University Press. pp. 54–55. ISBN 0-300-10313-1.
  2. "Sigismund of Luxembourg". Radio Prague
  3. Vratislav Preclík. Masaryk a legie (TGM and legions,Masaryk et legions, "Masaryk et Hus"), váz. kniha, 219 p., first issue vydalo nakladatelství libri Paris Karviná, Žižkova 2379 (734 01 Karviná-Mizerov, Czechia) ve spolupráci s Masarykovým demokratickým hnutím (In cooperation with Masaryk Democratic Movement, Praga) , 2019, ISBN 978-80-87173-47-3, pp.17 – 25, 33 – 45, 70 – 76