James Clerk Maxwell

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James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell.png
James Clerk Maxwell
Born13 Juin 1831(1831-06-13)
Edinburgh
Dee'd5 November 1879(1879-11-05) (aged 48)
Cambridge
Restin place
Parton, Kirkcudbrightshire
55°00′24″N 4°02′21″W / 55.006693°N 4.039210°W / 55.006693; -4.039210
SignaturJames Clerk Maxwell sig.svg

James Clerk Maxwell (13 Juin 18315 November 1879) wis a Scots physicist, born in Edinburgh.[1] Maxwell developit a set o equations expressin the basic laws o eletric an magnetism[2] as weel as the Maxwell distribution in the kinetic theory o gases[3].

Maxwell's Equations (on statue)

He wis the last member o a cadet brainch o the weel-kent Scots faimlie o Clerk o Penicuik.[4] He wis eddicatit at Edinburgh Academy than the Varsity o Edinburgh, and Cambridge. He taucht at Marischal College, Aiberdeen and Keeng's College, London, and the Varsity o Cambridge. He wis eleckit tae the Ryal Society in 1866, but wisnae gien ony Scots awards or honours whan alive.[5] He dee'd on 5 November 1879, and is buirit at Parton, Kirkcudbrightshire.[5]

Maxwell is aften thocht on as the scientist o the 1800s that haed the maist influence on the physics o the 1900s, makkin contreibutions tae the basic models o naitur.[5] In 1931, on the centennial anniversar o Maxwell's birth, Einstein descrieved Maxwell's wark as the "maist profound an the maist fruitfu that physics haes experienced syne the time o Newton."[6]

Algebraic mathematics wi elements o geometry is a featur o a hantle o Maxwell's wark. Maxwell shawed that eletric an magnetic forces is twa complementar aspecks o eletromagnetism.[7] He shawed that eletric an magnetic fields traivels throu space, in the form o waves, at a steady velocity o 3.0 × 108 m/s. He proponed forby that licht wis a form o eletromagnetic radiation.[8][9]

The scienteific compound derived CGS unit meisurin magnetic flux (aften shortent til f), the maxwell (Mx), is named in his honour. A reenge o muntains on Venus, Maxwell Montes, is named efter him, as weel as the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, the mucklest sub-mm astronomical prospect in the warld, wi a diameter o 15 metres, whit wis 30 year auld in 2017.[10]

JCMB building, Varsity o Edinburgh

A science biggin at the Varsity o Edinburgh is named efter him, kent as the JCMB biggin.[11] In 2007 a new science biggin at Edinburgh Academy wis named efter him an haed his equations carvit intae the lobby waw.[12] In 2008, a fou-size statue o him wis pitten up in George Street, Edinburgh.[13]

James Clerk Maxwell statue, George Street, Edinburgh

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  1. "Sonnet Software- James Clerk Maxwell Biography". web.archive.org. 29 Apryle 2008. Archived frae the original on 29 Apryle 2008. Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  2. "Maxwell's Equations". www.maxwells-equations.com. Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.
  3. Weisstein, Eric W. "Kinetic Theory -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Physics". scienceworld.wolfram.com (in Inglis). Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.
  4. "The Maxwell at Glenlair Trust". Glenlair (in Inglis). 10 Februar 2012. Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.
  5. a b c "James Clerk Maxwell | Biography & Facts | Britannica". www.britannica.com (in Inglis). Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :0
  7. Weisstein, Eric W. "Maxwell, James (1831-1879) -- from Eric Weisstein's World of Scientific Biography". scienceworld.wolfram.com (in Inglis). Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.
  8. Maxwell, James Clerk (1954). A treatise on electricity and magnetism. 1 (Unabridged 3rd ed ed.). [New York]: Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-60636-8. OCLC 685358.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  9. Maxwell, James Clerk (1954). A treatise on electricity and magnetism. 2 (Unabridged 3rd ed ed.). [New York]: Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-60636-8. OCLC 685358.CS1 maint: extra text (link)
  10. Robson, Ian; Holland, Wayne S.; Friberg, Per. "Celebrating 30 years of science from the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope". Royal Society Open Science. 4 (9): 170754. doi:10.1098/rsos.170754. PMC 5627115. PMID 28989775.CS1 maint: PMC format (link)
  11. "James Clerk Maxwell Building (JCMB)". School of Physics and Astronomy (in Inglis). Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.
  12. "Edinburgh Academy – KJ Tait Engineers" (in Inglis). Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.
  13. "Edinburgh, George Street, James Clerk Maxwell Statue | Canmore". canmore.org.uk (in Inglis). Retrieved 21 Januar 2022.