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aerial view in 2005
aerial view in 2005
Offeecial seal o Gobabis
Motto(s): Ex Oriente Lux
Kintra  Namibie
Region Omaheke Region
Constituency Gobabis constituency
Established 1856
 • Mayor Her Worship Mrs Sila Bezuidenhoud
Elevation 4,720 ft (1,440 m)
Population (2001)[1]
 • Tot 13,856
Time zone Wast Africae Time (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) Wast Africae Simmer Time (UTC+2)
Website http://www.gobmun.com/

Gobabis is a toun in eastren Namibie. It is the regional caipital o the Omaheke Region, an the district caipital o the Gobabis electoral constituency. Gobabis is situatit 200 km (124 miles) doun the B6 motorway frae Windhoek tae Botswana. The toun is 110 km (68 miles) frae the Buitepos border post wi Botswana, an serves as an important link tae Sooth Africae on the tarred Trans-Kalahari Hieway. Gobabis is in the hert of the cattle farmin aurie. In fact Gobabis is so proud o its cattle farmin that a statue o a lairge Brahman bull wi the inscription "Cattle Country" (i.e, "Cattle Kintra") greets visitors tae the toun. Gobabis borders the Kalahari Desert, an is traditionally in the land o the Herero fowk.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Etymology an pre-colonial history[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie arouod Gobabis an alang the Nossob River haed a strang population o elephants. The settlement itself wis a base camp for ivory hunters an a trading post for elephant tusks.[2]

In 1856 a mission station wis established bi ane Friederich Eggert o the Rhenish Missionary Society. In the latter hauf o the 19t century an the early 20t century several conflicts flared up atween the Mbanderu an the Khauas Khoikhoi, as well as atween the settlers an the indigenous fowk. Gobabis is in an aurie whaur the Herero an the Nama fowk fought wars against ane anither, as well as wi settlers frae the Cape colony that occupied the land.

Accordin tae oral tradition, the earliest name for the settlement in this aurie wis the Khoekhoegowab wird ǂkhoandabes, the place whaur the elephant came tae lick. This reason for this name is speculatit tae be that elephant tusks that woud crack in the dry an hot climate o the Omaheke wur at times stored richt in the settlement's well.[2]

Later the place wis cawed "Gobabis" bi the Whites, this expression wis likely derived frae goba (argue, quarrel) an bis (place): The place whaur fowk quarreled. A common earlier interpretation o the name, ǂkhoa (Elephant) -bis (place), Elephant fountain wis introduced bi Heinrich Vedder[3] an gained wide acceptance. Apairt frae linguistic problems, this interpretation wis contradictit bi an 1845 letter bi Reverend Joseph Tindall, a Wesleyan missionary, which states: "Reached Gobabis which I named 'Elephant's funtain'" - a place name like "Place o Altercation" woud no bode too well for the missionary station he intendit tae establish.[2]

Colonial[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Gobabis district wis proclaimed bi the German authorities in Februar 1894 an in Juin the follaein year Gobabis wis occupied bi a German garrison. While the military fort, built in 1896-7, haes lang since disappeared, ane o the few buildings datin back tae that era is the field hospital, or Lazarette, which haes been declared a naitional monument.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gobabis haes a semi-arid climate (BSh, accordin tae the Köppen climate classification), wi het simmers an cuil winters (wi mild days an chilly nichts). The average annual precipitation is 370 mm (15 in).

Climate data for Gobabis, Namibie
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 31.4
Average law °C (°F) 18.5
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.7
Average relative humidity (%) 45 51 54 53 45 44 40 31 27 29 34 37 40.8
Soorce: Ministry o Wirks an Transport (Meteorological Service Diveesion)

"Ministry of Works & Transport: Tabulation of Climate Statistics for Selected Stations in Namibia" (PDF). 2012. 

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gobabis continues tae grow as a toun due tae guids crossin frae the mines o landlocked Botswana tae the Namibian port o Walvis Bay, an furthermore frae consumer guids being importit intae Namibie frae Johannesburg in Sooth Africae. Gobabis is connected tae the Namibian railway seestem. The passenger train that uised tae run tae the caipital Windhoek fower times a week nae langer takes passangers. The toun hosts twa hospitals, a clinic, bankin an shoppin facilities.[2] Legare Stadium is locatit in the toun.

Notable landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist notable landmark upon enterin Gobabis frae Windhoek is the Cattle Country Statue.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Republic of Namibia 2001 Population and Housing Census (Basic Analysis with Highlights ed.). Windhoek: Central Bureau of Statistics, National Planning Commission. Julie 2003. p. 21. ISBN 0-86976-614-7. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Rosslyn Tatarik, "Welcome to the Cattle Country". The @vertiser (supplement to New Era on 1 March 2010)
  3. Heinrich Vedder: South West Africa in Early Times. Being the story of South West Africa up to the date of Maharero's death in 1890. Cass & Co. London 1966