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Gharyan (Arabic: غريان‎) is a toun in northwastren Libie an the caipital o Al Jabal al Gharbi Destrict. Prior tae 2007 it wis the admeenistrative seat o the Gharyan Destrict. Gharyan is ane o the lairgest touns in the Nafusa Muntains, an aurie populatit bi maistly Arabized Berbers.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Auld toun durin 1940s

Gharyan wis on the tred routes baith sooth tae Fezzan an ower the Nafusa Muntains. Bi 1884 the Ottomans haed established a mayor an toun cooncil in Gharyan.[1]

It wis considered the centre o Libie resistance against the Italian invasion in the early 20t century. Mony famous Libie figurs durin the Italian invasion wur frae Gharyan sic as Asharif Alghyriany.

2011 Ceevil War[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2011 the toun became involved in the naitionwide anti-Gaddafi uprisin. Initially successfu, on 2 Mairch govrenment forces reteuk it.[2]

In Aprile rebels succeedit in occupyin several nearbi touns an establishin a seicont territory in Wastren Libie besides Misrata that is nae langer unner the control o the Gaddafi forces, but in late Juin the rebels haed still failed tae tak Gharyan.[3] On 13 August 2011, the rebel forces in Libie initiatit a new battle for control o the ceety an wur in control athin twa days.[4]

Lady o Gharyan[eedit | eedit soorce]

Juist wast o Gharyan, thare is a primitive road tae the richt, which provides a bumpy trip tae a derelict umwhile Italian barracks, a relic o Warld War II.

Thare is a crumblin biggin at the camp. Paintit on the bricks o ane o the waws inside the biggin is an enormous (c.4m bi 10m) representation o a nakit wumman, lyin on her side, American pin-up style [5]. The upper torso o the wumman is shapit as an inaccurate representation o the North African coast, an the salient pynts o her anatomy are merked wi names o North African touns.

The "Lady o Garian" wis drawn bi Clifford Saber,[6] a volunteer American ambulance driver wi the Breetish 8t Airmy. Saber creatit the mural tae help boost the morale o his fellae servicemen, feenishin on 2 Mairch 1943, while his unit wis hoosed for a few days at the barracks in Gharyan.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the 1920s the Italians biggit a 90 kilometres (56 mi) lang railwey atween Tripoli an a veelage near Gharyan that wis destroyed bi the Breetish durin Warld War II.[7]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Grain an figs are grown for local consumption, wi olives an saffron[1] for baith local uise an export. Gharyan is an aw well-kent for its ceramics industry.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Anderson, Lisa (1984). "Nineteenth-Century Reform in Ottoman Libya". International Journal of Middle East Studies (16(3)): 325–348, 331.
  2. "Battle rages over Libyan oil port". Al Jazeera. 3 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  3. Kirkpatrick, David D. (25 Juin 2011). "Western Libya Earns a Taste of Freedom as Rebels Loosen Qaddafi's Grip". The New York Times. Rogeban, Libya. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  4. "Libya rebels take Garyan, south of Tripoli-witness". Reuters. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  5. (picture)
  6. Clifford Saber's history and portfolio is at "Sketchbook of a Desert Rat", American Field Service
  7. Le ferrovie nell'Africa italiana: aspetti economici, sociali e strategici (in Italian)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Gharyan at Wikimedia Commons Template:Jabal al Gharbi