Fred Rogers

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Fred Rogers
Fred Rogers 2002.jpg
Rogers at the White House, 2002
BornFred McFeely Rogers
20 Mairch 1928(1928-03-20)
Latrobe, Pennsylvanie, U.S.
Died27 Februar 2003(2003-02-27) (aged 74)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Ither namesMister Rogers
ThriftChildren's televeesion presenter, actor, puppeteer, sanger, composer, televeesion producer, author, educator, Presbyterian minister
Years active1922–2003
Hauf-marrae(s)Joanne Byrd (m. 1952)

Fred McFeely Rogers (20 Mairch 1928 – 27 Februar 2003) wis an American televeesion personality, muisicker, puppeteer, writer, producer, an Presbyterian meenister. He wis kent as the creautor, componer, producer, heid writer, an host o the preschuil televeesion series Mister Rogers' Neighborhood frae 1968 till his reteerment in 2001.[1]

Rogers wisna happy wi the televeesion shaws that childer war seein. He begoud tae write an perform local Pittsburgh-aurie shaws for childer. In 1968, Eastern Educational Television Network begoud naitionwide distribution o Rogers's new show on WQED. For thirty years, Rogers becam a televeesion icon o childer's enterteenment an eddication.[2]

Early life[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rogers wis born in Latrobe, Pennsylvania tae James Rogers an Nancy McFeely.[3] His faither wis a businessman.[3] His mither came frae a rich Pittsburgh faimily an an aw wis a hospital volunteer durin an efter World War II.[4] His grandfather frae his mither's side, Fred McFeely, wis the preses o McFeely Brick, ane o Latrobe’s lairgest businesses.[5] Rogers grew up in a lairge brick mansion at 737 Weldon Street in Latrobe.[4][6]

While studyin at Rollins College, Rogers met Sara Joanne Byrd who wis frae Oakland, Florida.[7] Thay war marrit on Juin 9, 1952.[8] Thay haed tae sons: James, in 1959, an John, in 1961.[9]

Early career[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rogers enterit seminary efter college but wantit tae work wi televeesion.[10] In an interview wi CNN, Rogers said, "I went into televeesion because I hatit it so, an I thought there's some way of usin this fabulous instrument to nurture those who would watch an listen".[11] He applit for a job at NBC in New York Ceety in 1951 an workit first as an assistant producer, an later as a network floor director on muisical programs sic as Your Hit Parade, The Kate Smith Hour, an The Voice o Firestone.[12][13] He an aw workit on Gabby Hayes's childer's show.[14]

Mister Rogers' Neighborhood[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mister Rogers' Neighborhood began in 1968 an ran for 895 episodes.[15] It airit on National Educational Television, which later became The Public Broadcasting Service.[16] The last set o new episodes wis tapit in Decembar 2000 an began airin in Decembar 2001.[17] Bi 1985, aicht percent o fowk livin in the Unitit States watchit the show.[18] The program anyways started with Rogers coming home, singin his theme sang "Won't You Be My Neighbor?", an changin intae sneakers.[19] In his show, Rogers wad ayeweys gang on trips, teach new things an other words on "Picture, Picture".[20][21] Each episode includit a trip tae Rogers's "House of Horror" wi a trolley, a trouble for Halloween.[22]

Rogers ayeweys fed his aquarium fish durin episodes an wad ayeweys say this tae his audience he wis feedin them acause he receivit a letter frae a youn blind girl who wantit tae know each time he did this.[23][24] The program wad end wi Rogers wingin "It's Such a Good Feelin".[25]

Rogers believit nae tae act differently when he wis bein filmit an how he acted normally, sayin that "One of the greatest gifts you can give anybody is the gift o your honest self. I also believe that kids can spot a phony a mile away".[26] Rogers wrote awmaist aw o the muisic on the program.[27] He wantit tae teach childer tae luve themselves an others, an he talkit aboot common childhood fears wi comfortin sangs.[27] He ance teuk a trip tae a childer's hospital tae show childer that a hospital is nae a place tae fear.[28]

Rogers wi Officer Clemmons, 1986

Rogers wad talk aboot social issues on his program includin the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy, racism an divorce.[29] Ane famous episode, Rogers soakit his feet wi Officer Clemmons (François Clemmons), who wis African-Americain, in a kiddie pool on a het day.[30] The scene wis a message o inclusion durin a time when racial segregation in the Unitit States wis common.[30]

Rogers wis an aw kent for havin childer wi disabilities on his show.[31] In a 1981 episode, Rogers met a young quadriplegic boy, Jeff Erlanger, who showit how his electric wheelchair workit an explainit why he needed it.[32] Erlanger an Rogers baith sang a duet o the sang "It's You I Like".[32] Afore the tapin, Erlanger haed lang been a fan o the program, an his parents wrote a letter tae Rogers askin if thay coud meet.[31][33]

Rogers never talkit aboot his religious beliefs on the show acause he did nae want ony viewer tae feel ignored frae the show.[34] Durin the Gulf War, he comfortit his audience that aw childer in the neighborhood wad be well carit for an askit parents tae promise tae tak care of thair childer.[35]

Efter the September 11 terrorist attacks, Rogers tapit public service announcements for parents aboot how tae discuss tragic world news events wi thair childer, tellin them tae "look for the helpers".[36] The quote continues tae gang viral followin tragic news events.[37]

PBS fundin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rogers testifyin afore the Unitit States Senate aboot PBS fundin, 1969

In 1969, Rogers appearit afore the Unitit States Senate Subcommittee on Communications.[38] His goal wis tae ask the Senate tae support fundin for PBS an the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, acause proposit budget cuts.[38] In aboot sax minutes o testimony, Rogers spoke o the need for social an emotional eddication that public television gae.[38] He arguit that ither televeesion programmin lik his Neighborhood helpit encourage childer tae acome happy ceetizens.[38]

The chairman o the subcommittee, John O. Pastore, did nae know Rogers or his work an wis whiles said tae be impatient.[38][39] Houiver, efter Rogers, Pastore said that the testimony haed gien him goosebumps, an said, "I think it's wonderful. Looks like you just earnit the $20 million".[38] The subsequent congressional appropriation, for 1971, increasit PBS fundin frae $9 million tae $22 million.[39]

Other works[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1978, while takin a break frae tapin new Neighborhood episodes, Rogers hostit an interview program for adults on PBS callit Old Friends...New Friends.[40]

The anly time Rogers appearit on televeesion as someone ither than himself wis in 1996 when he playit a preacher on ane episode o Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman.[18] Rogers voicit himself on the "Arthur Meets Mister Rogers" episode o the PBS Kids series Arthur.[41]

Personal life[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rogers haed an apartment in New York Ceety an a simmer home on Nantucket Island in Massachusetts.[10] Rogers wis reid–green color blind,[42] swam every mornin, an neither smoked nor drank.[43] He wis a vegetarian on acause he believit it wis wrong, sayin "I don't want to eat anythin that has a mother".[44] Despite popular rumors, he never servit in the military as a Navy SEAL durin the Vietnam War an never haed tattoos.[45][46][47]

In 1992, he wis awardit the Peabody Award.[48]

Death[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rogers wis diagnosit wi stomach cancer in December 2002, nae lang efter his retirement.[49] He haed surgery on Januar 6, 2003, which wis unsuccessful.[50][51] A week earlier, he wis grand marshal o the Tournament o Roses Parade, wi Art Linkletter an Bill Cosby.[52]

Rogers died on the mornin o Februar 27, 2003 efter slippin intae a coma, at his home in Pittsburgh wi his wife bi his side, less nor a month afore he wad hae turnit 75.[53][54]

Mair than 2,700 fowk went tae his memorial service at Heinz Hall, includin umwhile Good Morning America host David Hartman, Teresa Heinz Kerry, philanthropist Elsie Hillman, PBS Preses Pat Mitchell, Arthur creautor Marc Brown, an The Very Hungry Caterpillar author-illustrator Eric Carle.[55][56] Rogers is burit at Unity Cemetery in Latrobe.[57]

Honors[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rogers wis honorit wi the Presidential Medal o Freedom bi Preses George W. Bush, forty honorary degrees, an a Peabody Award. He wis addit intae the Televeesion Hall o Fame.[58] He wis listit nummer 35 o the TV Guide's Fifty Greatest TV Stars o All Time.[59] The Smithsonian Institution haes ane of his sweaters as a "Treasure o Americain History".

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Jackson, K.M.; Emmanuel, S.M. (2016). Revisiting Mister Rogers' Neighborhood: Essays on Lessons About Self and Community. McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-7864-7296-3. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  2. Sostek, Anya (November 6, 2009). "Mr. Rogers takes rightful place at riverside tribute". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Early Life". Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning & Children's Media. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  4. 4.0 4.1 King, M. (2018). The Good Neighbor: The Life and Work of Fred Rogers. ABRAMS. ISBN 978-1-68335-349-2. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  5. "It's a Sad Day in This Neighborhood". latimes. 2003-02-28. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  6. "The Fred Rogers Trail". VisitPA | #visitPA. 2018-06-28. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  7. Vancheri, Barbara (December 25, 2003). "As promised, Joanne Rogers is doing 'fine'". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived frae the oreeginal on December 22, 2017. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  8. "Fred McFeely Rogers". UXL Newsmakers (2005). 2005. Archived frae the oreeginal on September 24, 2008. Retrieved December 13, 2007 – via Find Articles. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  9. Vancheri, Barbara; Owen, Rob (May 4, 2003). "Pittsburgh bids farewell to Fred Rogers with moving public tribute". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Junod, Tom (November 1998). "Can You Say ... 'Hero'?". Esquire. Archived frae the oreeginal on March 1, 2003. Retrieved July 30, 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  11. Millman, Joyce (August 10, 1999). "Salon Brilliant Careers: Fred Rogers". Salon. Archived frae the oreeginal on December 18, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  12. "Terry Gross and Fred Rogers". Fresh Air with Terry Gross. NPR. February 28, 2003. Retrieved September 29, 2016. Show originally aired 1985
  13. Obis, Paul (November 1983). "America's Favorite Neighbor". Vegetarian Times. pp. 22–26.
  14. "In the Land of Make Believe, The Real Mister Rogers". Washington Post. 1982-11-18. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  15. "Filming Mister Rogers' Neighborhood". Johnny Costa Pittsburgh's Legendary Jazz Pianist. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  16. Hart, Ron (1968-02-19). "The Music of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood and Johnny Costa". JazzTimes. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  17. "Mr. Rogers says goodbye -- for now". CNN. August 31, 2001. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DeFranceso
  19. "Fred Rogers". Television Academy Interviews. 2018-01-01. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  20. "DPTV celebrates 50th anniversary of 'Mr. Rogers'". Detroit News. 2018-02-23. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  21. "100 Billionth Crayola Crayon". Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning & Children's Media. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  22. Collins, M.; Kimmel, M.M. (1997). Mister Rogers Neighborhood: Children Television And Fred Rogers. University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 978-0-8229-8008-7. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  23. Rogers, F. (1996). Dear Mr. Rogers, Does It Ever Rain in Your Neighborhood?: Letters to Mr. Rogers. Penguin Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-101-16169-2. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  24. "WATCH: This Is Why We Will Always Love Mr. Rogers". HuffPost. 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  25. "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood Credit Videos". Retro Junk. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  26. Owen, Rob (November 12, 2000). "There goes the Neighborhood: Mister Rogers will make last episodes of show in December". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Magazine. Retrieved March 20, 2011.
  27. 27.0 27.1 "The Music of Mister Rogers". Pittsburgh Gazette. February 22, 2018. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  28. "WOUB-HD to Air 'Mr. Rogers: It's You I Like' March 6". WOUB Digital. 2018-03-02. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  29. Meek, Tom (2018-06-05). "'Won't You Be My Neighbor?' Frames Mr. Rogers As A Man On A Mission". WBUR. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Blickley, Leigh (2018-06-08). "The Gay 'Ghetto Boy' Who Bonded With Mister Rogers And Changed The Neighborhood". HuffPost. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  31. 31.0 31.1 "How 'Mister Rogers' Neighborhood' Championed Children With Disabilities". Guideposts. 2018-10-15. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  32. 32.0 32.1 "Obituary: Jeffrey Erlanger / Quadriplegic who endeared himself to Mister Rogers". Pittsburgh Gazette. June 14, 2007. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
  33. "Remembering Mr. Rogers, a True-Life 'Helper' When the World Still Needs One". (in Inglis). Retrieved 2018-03-08.
  34. "The surprising success - and faith - of Mister Rogers and 'Won't You Be My Neighbor?'". The Salt Lake Tribune. 2018-07-13. Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  35. "PBS Public Service Announcement with mister rogers : NeighborhoodVideo : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive". Internet Archive. 2017-10-17. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  36. "Mr. Rogers' words of comfort revived in wake of tragedy". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  37. "Why Mister Rogers' Plea To 'Look For The Helpers' Still Resonates Today". HuffPost. 2018-06-08. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 38.5 "Mister Rogers defending PBS to the US Senate". June 29, 2007. Retrieved September 1, 2016 – via YouTube.
  39. 39.0 39.1 "Fred Rogers Beyond the Neighborhood: Senate Committee Hearing". Fred Rogers Center. 1969. Archived frae the oreeginal on June 17, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2014. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  40. "Fred Rogers Moves into a New Neighborhood—and So Does His Rebellious Son". 1978-05-15. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  41. Fred Rogers – Voice Actor Profile at Voice Chasers. Retrieved October 19, 2012
  42. Roddy, Dennis (March 1, 2003). "Fred Rogers kept it simple, and elegantly so". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2007-12-12.
  43. Millman, Joyce (August 10, 1999). "Salon Brilliant Careers: Fred Rogers". Salon Media Group. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  44. "Legacy of Fred Rogers". Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  45. Emery, David (November 26, 2011). "Mr. Rogers Was a Marine Sniper / Navy SEAL?". Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  46. "Mr. Rogers Was a Sniper in Vietnam-Fiction!". Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  47. "Won't You Be My Fiend?". August 7, 2007. Retrieved December 22, 2011.
  48. "George Foster Peabody Award Winners". University of Georgia, George Foster Peabody Award.
  49. "Mister Rogers Shows Us How Crayons Are Made". South Dakota Public Broadcasting. February 25, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  50. Owen, Rob; Barbara Vancheri (February 28, 2003). "Fred Rogers dies at 74". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  51. Everhart, Karen (March 10, 2003). "Fred Rogers, 1928–2003". Current. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  52. "Grand Marshal Slide Show Main". Tournament of Roses. 2004. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
  53. Lewis, Daniel (February 28, 2003). Fred Rogers, Host of 'Mister Rogers' Neighborhood,' Dies at 74, The New York Times. Retrieved on January 9, 2011.
  54. "The Saintliness of Fred Rogers". Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  55. "The Two Freds: When Phelps Protested Mr. Rogers's Memorial". The New Yorker. March 20, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  56. "Pittsburgh Bids Farewell to Fred Rogers with Moving Public Tribute". May 4, 2003. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  57. King, M. (2018). The Good Neighbor: The Life and Work of Fred Rogers. ABRAMS. p. 443. ISBN 978-1-68335-349-2. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  58. "Hall of Fame". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived frae the oreeginal on December 16, 2008. Retrieved December 3, 2008. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  59. "Special Collectors' Issue: 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time". TV Guide (December 14–20, 1996). 1996.

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