Embryophyte

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Laund plants
Temporal range: Mid Ordovician–Present[1][2] (Spores from Dapingian (early Middle Ordovician))
Plants.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kinrick: Plantae
Clade: Embryophytes
Engler, 1892[3][4]
Diveesions

Traditional groups:

Synonyms

The Embryophyta or Metaphyta, are the maist familiar subkingdom o green plants that furm vegetation on yird. The embryophytes include hornworts, liverworts, mosses, ferns an thair allies, gymnosperms an flouerin plants, but exclude the green algae. The Embryophyta are informally cried land plants acause thay live primarily in terrestrial habitats, while the relatit green algae are primarily aquatic. Aw are complex multicellular eukaryotes wi specialised reproductive organs. The name derives frae thair innovative characteristic o nurturin the young embryo sporophyte durin the early stages o its multicellular development within the tissues o the parent gametophyte. Wi very few exceptions, embryophytes obtain thair energy bi photosynthesis, that is bi uisin the energy o sunlicht tae synthesize thair fuid frae carbon dioxide an watter.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

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  10. Whittaker, R. H. (1969). "New concepts of kingdoms or organisms" (PDF). Science. 163 (3863): 150–160. Bibcode:1969Sci...163..150W. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.403.5430Freely accessible. doi:10.1126/science.163.3863.150. PMID 5762760. 
  11. Margulis, L (1971). "Whittaker's five kingdoms of organisms: minor revisions suggested by considerations of the origin of mitosis". Evolution. 25 (1): 242–245. doi:10.2307/2406516. JSTOR 2406516. PMID 28562945.