Embryophyte

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Land plants
Fern leaf
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Streptophyta
Subkingdom: Embryophyta Endlicher, 1836,
emend. Lewis & McCourt, 2004
Diveesions
Synonyms
  • Cormophyta Endlicher, 1836

The Embryophyta or Metaphyta, are the maist familiar subkingdom o green plants that furm vegetation on yird. The embryophytes include hornworts, liverworts, mosses, ferns an thair allies, gymnosperms an flouerin plants, but exclude the green algae. The Embryophyta are informally cried land plants acause thay live primarily in terrestrial habitats, while the relatit green algae are primarily aquatic. Aw are complex multicellular eukaryotes wi specialized reproductive organs. The name derives frae their innovative characteristic o nurturin the young embryo sporophyte durin the early stages o its multicellular development within the tissues o the parent gametophyte. Wi very few exceptions, embryophytes obtain thair energy bi photosynthesis, that is bi uisin the energy o sunlicht tae synthesize thair fuid frae carbon dioxide an watter.