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Democratic Unionist Party

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Democratic Unionist Party
LeaderEdwin Poots MLA
ChairmanThe Laird Morrow
FoonderIan Paisley
Depute LeaderThe Laird Dodds o Duncairn
Hoose o Commons Group LeaderJeffrey Donaldson MP
Foondit30 September 1971; 52 years ago (1971-09-30)
Precedit biProtestant Unionist Party
Heidquarters91 Dundela Avenue
BT4 3BU[1]
IdeologyBreetish naitionalism[2]
Naitional conservatism[3]
Richt-weeng populism[5]
Social conservatism[3][6][7]
Poleetical poseetionRicht-weeng[9][10][11]
House of Commons
(NI seats)
8 / 18
Hoose o Lairds
4 / 792
NI Assemlie
27 / 90
Local government in Northern Ireland[12]
122 / 462

Tha Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) is a unionist poleetical pairty in Norlin Airlan. It wis foundit in 1971 durin tha Truibils bi Ian Paisley, wha led tha pairty fur tha neist 37 yeir. Noo led bi Edwin Poots, it haes, bi a nairae margin o yin, tha maist seats in tha Norlin Airlan Assemlie an is tha fift-lairgest pairty in tha Hoose o Commons o tha Unitit Kinrick

Tha DUP evolvit frae tha Protestant Unionist Party an haes historically strang links tae tha Free Presbyterian Kirk o Ulster, tha kirk Paisley foondit. Durin tha Truibils, tha DUP war opponed tae pouer-sharin wi Erse naitionalists tae redd up tha conflict, an likeweys rejectit attempts tae inrowe tha Republic o Ireland intae Norlin Erse affairs.  It campaignit agin tha Sunningdale Greeance o 1985, an tha Guid Fryday Greeance o 1998. In 2006, tha DUP co-signit tha St Andras Greeance an agreit tae share pouer wi tha republican Sinn Féin wha agreit tae support tha polis service, coorts, an rule o laa.[13]

Tha pairty haes bin linkit tae various loyalist paramilitary groups, sic as Ulster Resistance (URM) and Third Force.[14][15][16] Tha URM wis formit oan 10 November 1986 bi DUP politicians Paisley, Peter Robinson an Ivan Foster, wi tha statit aim tae "take direct action as and when required" tae brin doun tha Greeance an defeat republicanism.[17] Recruitment rallies war haudit in toons ootower Norlin Airlan an thousands war said tae hae jynt. Tha follaein yeir, tha URM helpit smuggle a lairge shipment o wappans intae Norlin Airlan, whit war sharit oot atween tha URM, tha Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) an tha Ulster Defence Association (UDA). In 1989, URM members attemptit tae trade Shorts' missile blueprints fur wappans frae tha apartheid Sooth African regime.

Tha pairty haes bin descreived as richt-weeng an socially conservative, bein anti-abortion an oppones same-sex mairiage.[18] In 1977, Paisley launched the Save Ulster from Sodomy campaign tae oppone the decriminalisation o homosexuality (whit cam tae pass in 1982).[19] Tha DUP sees itsel as defendin Britishness an Ulster Protestant cultur agin Erse naitionalism. Tha pairty is Eurosceptic an durin tha Brexit referendum it supportit tha UK leavin tha European Union.[20][21]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Electoral Commission - Democratic Unionist Party - D.U.P." Archived frae the original on 20 August 2019. Retrieved 8 Februar 2019.
  2. "Unionist bid to be UK 'kingmakers' unsettles some in Northern Ireland". Reuters. Archived frae the original on 12 Julie 2015. Retrieved 11 Julie 2015.
  3. a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Northern Ireland/UK". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived frae the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  4. Mirow, Wilhelm (2016). Strategic Culture, Securitisation and the Use of Force: Post-9/11 Security Practices of Liberal Democracies. Routledge. p. 105.
  5. Ingle, Stephen (2008). The British Party System: An Introduction. Routledge. p. 156.
  6. General election 2017: Tories and DUP 'still in discussions' Archived 10 Juin 2017 at the Wayback Machine. BBC NEWS. Published 11 June 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  7. Marcus, Ruth. "Gender aside, the fall of Irish politician Iris Robinson is the same old sex scandal Archived 1 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine", Washington Post, 14 January 2010
  8. DUP to recommend leaving EU to voters Archived 23 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine. BBC NEWS. Published 20 February 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  9. "It will be 'difficult' for May to survive, says N Ireland's DUP" Archived 16 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine, By Vincent Boland & Robert Wright. Financial Times. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017
  10. "Who Are The DUP? The Democratic Unionist Party Explained" Archived 11 Juin 2017 at the Wayback Machine, LBC. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  11. Peck, Tom (10 Juin 2017). "Theresa May to enter into 'confidence and supply' arrangement with the Democratic Unionists". The Independent. Archived frae the original on 11 Juin 2017. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  12. "Local Council Political Compositions". Open Council Date UK. 7 Januar 2018. Archived frae the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 7 Januar 2018.
  13. Tonge, Jonathan; Braniff, Maire; Hennessey, Thomas; McAuley, James W.; Whiting, Sophie (2014). The Democratic Unionist Party: From Protest to Power (in Inglis). OUP Oxford. ISBN 978-0-19-101617-2.
  14. "Ian Paisley death: Third Force 'were a motley crew of teens and farmers...'". Belfast Telegraph. Archived frae the original on 24 December 2019. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  15. Unionism and Orangeism in Northern Ireland Since 1945. Belfast: Blackstaff Press. p. 199. The men on the Antrim hillside became the nucleus of a paramilitary formation 'The Third Force' which would play a role in what the DUP called 'The Carson Trail'
  16. Wood, Ian S. (2006). Crimes of Loyalty: A History of the UDA. Edinburgh University Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0748624270. Dr Ian Paisley, who had been close to Bradford, called for tax and rent strikes by Loyalists and announced the formation of a new paramilitary body for which he claimed he was helping to recruit. Because it was to supplement the RUC and UDR, he called it the 'Third Force'
  17. "Abstracts of Organisations: U". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Archived frae the original on 22 Februar 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  18. "Arlene Foster says Stormont Assembly's voice on abortion and same-sex marriage must be heard". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  19. Walsh, Fintan (2013). "Saving Ulster from Sodomy and Hysteria: Sex, Politics and Performance". Contemporary Theatre Review. 23 (3): 291–301. doi:10.1080/10486801.2013.806324.
  20. "DUP confirms it will campaign for Brexit in Leave/Remain referendum". Belfast Telegraph. 20 Februar 2016. Archived frae the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 Juin 2017. The Democratic Unionist Party has formally announced its intention to campaign for a Brexit.
  21. Jamie Merrill (9 Juin 2017). "What is the DUP position on Brexit?". The Essential Daily Briefing. iNews. Archived frae the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 Juin 2017. No-one wants to see a ‘hard’ Brexit, what we want to see is a workable plan to leave the European Union, and that’s what the national vote was about – therefore we need to get on with that.

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]