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Clitoris Anatomy.svg
The inner anatomy o the human vulva, wi the clitoral huid an labia minora shawn as lines. The clitoris extends frae the visible bit tae a pynt ablo the pubic bane.
Clitoris detailed.jpg
Location o clitoral glans (2) an clitoral huid (1)
PrecursorGenital tubercle
ArteryDorsal artery o clitoris, deep artery o clitoris
VeinSuperficial dorsal veins o clitoris, deep dorsal vein o clitoris
NerveDorsal nerve o clitoris
Anatomical terminology
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The clitoris is a female sex organ praisent in mammals, ostriches an a nummer o ither ainimals. In humans, the visible bit - the glans - is at the front aheid o the labia minora (inner lips), abuin the appenin o the urethra. Unalike the penis, the male homologue (surrogatum) tae the clitoris, it maistlins daesne hae the distal bit (or appenin) o the urethra an is therefore no uised fur peein. While few ainimals pee throu the clitoris or uise it reproductively, the spottit hyena, that hae an particular muckle clitoris, pees, mates, an gies birth via the organ. Sum ither mammals, sic as lemurs an speeder puggies, hae a muckle clitoris forby.[1]

The clitoris is the human female's maist sensitive erogenous zone an maistlins the primary anatomical source o human female sexual pleisur.[2] In humans an ither mammals, it develops frae the embryo cried the genital tubercle. Initially undifferentiatit, the tubercle develops intae aither a penis or a clitoris, dependin on the presence or absence o the protein tdf, that is codified bi the ae gene on the Y chromosome. The clitoris is a complex structur, an its size an sensitivity can vary. The heid o the human clitoris is aboot the size an shape o a pease, an is estimatit tae hae aboot 8,000 sensory nerve endins.[3]

Sexological an medical debate hae focused on the clitoris, an it haes an aw been the subject o sociological (includin social constructionist) analyses an studies.[4] Sic discussions range frae anatomical accuracy, gender inequality, orgasmic factors an thair physiological explanation for the G-spot.[5] Awtho, in humans, the anerly kent purpose o the clitoris is tae provide sexual pleisur, whather the clitoris is vestigial, an adaptation, or serves a reproductive function haes been debatit.[6] Social perceptions o the clitoris include the significance o its role in female sexual pleisur, assumptions aboot its true size an depth, an varyin beliefs regairdin genital modification sic as clitoris enlargement, clitoris piercin an clitoridectomy.[7] Genital modification mey be for aesthetic, medical or cultural reasons.[7]

Knawledge o the clitoris is significantly impactit bi cultural perceptions o the organ. Studies suggest thit knawledge anent its existence an anatomy is scant in comparison wi that o ither sexual organs, an that mair eddication anent it coud help alleviate social stigmas associatit wi the female bouk an female sexual pleisur; for ensaumple, that the clitoris an vulva in general are visually unappealin, that female masturbation is tabu, or that men shoud be expectit tae maister an control weemen's orgasms.[8]

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