Chittagong (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম, Chôţţogram) is a ceety in sootheastren Bangladesh an the caipital o an eponymous destrict an diveesion. Built on the banks o the Karnaphuli River, the ceety is hame tae Bangladesh's busiest seaport an haes a population o ower 4.5 million, makkin it the seicont lairgest ceety in the kintra.
A tradin post syne the 9t century, Chittagong haes a multicultural heritage o Islamic, Hindu an Buddhist traditions. Modren Chittagong developed in the early 20t century unner Breetish colonial rule. But the ceety an aw became a focal point for revolutionary activities against the Breetish, notably the airmed uprisin led bi Surya Sen in 1930. It wis an aw an important military base an supply point for Allied forces durin the Burma Campaign in World War II. Efter the pairtition o Indie in 1947, Chittagong became a pairt o East Pakistan. In 1971, as East Pakistanis rebelled against Pakistan’s refusal tae accept results o democratic elections, the declaration o Bangladesh’s unthirldom wis annooncit in Chittagong. The ceety went ontae witness atrocities an naval blockades durin the liberation war that follaed.
The day, Chittagong is ane o the fastest growin ceeties in the warld. A major commercial an industrial centre, the ceety an aw haes a globally competitive special economic zone. Wi the Port o Chittagong being expandit an developed, regional neighbours o Bangladesh hae eyed Chittagong as a futur regional transit hub. The port ceety is seen as crucial tae the economic development o landlockt soothren Asie includin Northeast Indie, Bhutan, Nepal an pairts o Soothren Cheenae an Burma.