Bugatti

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Bugatti is an automobile brand that wis foondit in Molsheim, Fraunce (Germany at that time) in 1909 as a manufacturer o hie performance automobiles bi Ettore Bugatti, an Italian-born ingineer, who wis described as an eccentric genius.

The oreeginal company is legendary for producin some o the maist exclusive caurs in the warld, as well as some o the fastest. The oreeginal Bugatti brand failed wi the comin o Warld War II, like mony heich-end marques o the time. The daith o Ettore's son Jean wis an aa a contributory factor. The company struggled financially, an released ane last model in the 1950s, afore eventually being purchased for its airplane pairts business in the 1960s. The day the name is awned bi Volkswagen Group, who hae revived it as a builder o limited production exclusive sports caurs.

Unner Ettore Bugatti[eedit | eedit soorce]

Type 35C (1926), paintit in the blue racin colour o Fraunce.

Foonder Ettore Bugatti wis born in Milan, Italy, an the automobile company that bears his name wis foondit in 1909 in the toun o Molsheim locatit in the Alsace. The company wis kent baith for the level o detail o its ingineerin in its automobiles, an for the airtistic way in which the designs wur executit, given the airtistic nature o Ettore's family (his faither, Carlo Bugatti (1856–1940), wis an important Art Nouveau furniture an jewelry designer). The company an aa enjoyed great success in early Grand Prix motor racin, winnin the first iver Monaco Grand Prix. The company's success culminatit wi driver Jean-Pierre Wimille winnin the 24 hours o Le Mans twice (in 1937 wi Robert Benoist an 1939 wi Pierre Veyron).

Design[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bugatti's caurs wur as muckle wirks o airt as they wur mechanical creations. Ingine blocks wur haund scraped tae ensure that the surfaces wur so flat that gaskets wur no required for sealin, mony o the exposed surfaces o the ingine compartment featured Guilloché (engine turned) finishes on them, and safety wires threaded through almost every fastener in intricately laced patterns. Rather than bolt the springs to the axles as most manufacturers did, Bugatti's axles were forged such that the spring passed though a carefully sized opening in the axle, a much more elegant solution requiring fewer parts. He famously described his arch competitor Bentley's cars as "the world's fastest lorries" for focusin on durability. According to Bugatti, "weight was the enemy".

Models[eedit | eedit soorce]

Anerlie a few examples o each o Ettore Bugatti's vehicles wur iver produced, the maist famous being the Type 35 Grand Prix caurs, the "Royale", the Type 57 "Atlantic" an the Type 55 sports caur.

On 2 Januar 2009, it wis revealed dick that a rare 1937 Bugatti Type 57S Atlantic had been foond in the garage of a deceased surgeon in England. Only 17 of this model were made, aw bi haund.

On 10 Julie 2009, a 1925 Bugatti Brescia Type 22 which haed lain at the bottom o Lake Maggiore on the border o Swisserland an Italy for 75 years haes been liftit oot o the water. The Mullin Museum in Oxnard, CA bought it at auction for $351,343 at Bonham's Retromobile sale in Paris in 2010.

Throughoot the production run o approximately 7,900 caurs (o which aboot 2,000 still exist), each Bugatti model wis designatit wi the prefix T for Type, which referred tae the chassis an drive train.

Prototypes Racin Caurs Road Caurs

Durin the war Bugatti wirked at Levallois in northwastren suburbs o Paris, on several new projects, includin the Type 73 road caur, Type 73C single seater racin caur (5 built), an the Type 75. Efter Warld War II, a 375 cc superchairged caur wis canceled when Ettore dee'd.

Racin success[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bugatti caurs wur extremely successful in racin, wi mony thoosans o victories in juist a few decades. The little Bugatti Type 10 swept the top fower positions at its first race. The 1924 Bugatti Type 35 is probably the maist successful racin caur o aw time, wi ower 2,000 wins. Bugattis swept tae victory in the Targa Florio for five years straight frae 1925 through 1929. Louis Chiron held the maist podiums in Bugatti caurs, an the 21st century Bugatti company remembered him wi a concept caur named in his honour. But it wis the final racin success at Le Mans that is maist remembered—Jean-Pierre Wimille an Pierre Veyron wan the 1939 race wi juist ane caur an meagre resources.

Year Race Driver Caur
1921 Voiturettes Grand Prix Ernest Friderich
1925 Targa Florio Bartolomeo Costantini Type 35
1926 French Grand Prix Jules Goux Type 39 A
1926 Italian Grand Prix Louis Charavel
1926 Spainyie Grand Prix Bartolomeo Costantini
1926 Targa Florio Bartolomeo Costantini Type 35 T
1927 Targa Florio Emilio Materassi Type 35 C
1928 French Grand Prix William Grover-Williams Type 35 C
1928 Italian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1928 Spainyie Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1928 Targa Florio Albert Divo Type 35 B
1929 French Grand Prix William Grover-Williams Type 35 B
1929 German Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1929 Spainyie Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1929 Monaco Grand Prix William Grover-Williams
1929 Targa Florio Albert Divo Type 35 C
1930 Belgian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1930 Czechoslovakian Grand Prix Heinrich-Joachim von Morgen an Hermann zu Leiningen
1930 French Grand Prix Philippe Étancelin Type 35 C
1930 Monaco Grand Prix René Dreyfus
1931 Belgian Grand Prix William Grover-Williams an Caberto Conelli
1931 Czechoslovakian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1931 French Grand Prix Louis Chiron an Achille Varzi Type 51
1931 Monaco Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1932 Czechoslovakian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1933 Czechoslovakian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1933 Monaco Grand Prix Achille Varzi
1934 Belgian Grand Prix René Dreyfus
1936 French Grand Prix Jean-Pierre Wimille an Raymond Sommer Type 57 G
1937 24 hours o Le Mans Jean-Pierre Wimille an Robert Benoist Type 57 G
1939 24 hours o Le Mans Jean-Pierre Wimille an Pierre Veyron Type 57 C

Bugatti in Formula Ane[eedit | eedit soorce]

(key)

Year Chassis Ingine(s) Tires Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Points WCC
1956 Bugatti Type 251 Bugatti Straight-8 D ARG MON 500 BEL FRA GBR GER ITA 0* -*
Maurice Trintignant Ret

* The Warld Constructors' Championship wis no awardit afore 1958.

Aviation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Bugatti 100P[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the 1930s, Ettore Bugatti got involved in the creation o a racer airplane, hopin tae beat the Germans in the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize. This wad be the Bugatti 100P,[2][3] which never flew. It wis designed bi Belgian ingineer Louis de Monge who haed awready applied Bugatti Brescia ingines in his "Type 7.5" liftin body.

The end[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ettore Bugatti an aa designed a successful motorised railcaur, the Autorail. His son, Jean Bugatti, wis killed on 11 August 1939 at the age o 30, while testin a Type 57 tank-bodied race caur near the Molsheim factory. Subsequently the company's fortunes began tae decline. World War II ruined the factory in Molsheim, an the company lost control o the property. Durin the war, Bugatti planned a new factory at Levallois in Paris an designed a series o new caurs. Ettore Bugatti dee'd on 21 August 1947.

The company attemptit a comeback unner Roland Bugatti in the mid-1950s wi the mid-engined Type 251 race caur. Designed wi help frae famed Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, an Maserati designer Gioacchino Colombo, the caur failed tae perform tae expectations, an the company's attempts at automobile production wur haltit.

In the 1960s, Virgil Exner designed a Bugatti as pairt o his "Revival Cars" project. A show version o this caur wis actually built bi Ghia uisin the last Bugatti Type 101 chassis, an wis shown at the 1965 Turin Motor Show. Finance wis no fortcomin, an Exner then turned his attention tae a revival o Stutz.

Bugatti continued manufacturin airplane parts an wis sauld tae Hispano-Suiza (anither auto maker turned aircraft supplier) in 1963. Snecma teuk ower in 1968, later acquirin Messier. The twa wur merged intae Messier-Bugatti in 1977. i no how to spell

Bugatti brand uised efterwards[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bugatti Automobili SpA[eedit | eedit soorce]

Italian entrepreneur Romano Artioli acquired the famous Bugatti name in 1987, an establisht Bugatti Automobili SpA. The new company built a factory designed bi the architect Giampaolo Benedini in Campogalliano, Italy, a toun near Modena, hame tae ither performance-caur manufacturers De Tomaso, Ferrari, Pagani an Maserati.

By 1989 the plans for the new Bugatti revival wur presentit bi Paolo Stanzani an Marcello Gandini, famous designers o the Lamborghini Miura an Countach. The first completit cur wis labelled the Bugatti EB110 GT, advertised as the maist technically advanced sports caur iver produced.

Frae 1992 through 1994 famed racin caur designer Mauro Forghieri wis technical director.

On 27 August 1993, through his hauldin company, ACBN Holdings S.A. o Luxembourg, Romano Artioli purchased the Lotus caur company frae General Motors. The acquisition brought thegither twa o the greatest historical names in automotive racin, an plans wur made for leetin the company's shares on internaitional stock exchynges. Bugatti an aa presentit in 1993 the prototype o a lairge saloon cried the EB112.

Bi the time the EB110 came tae mercat the North American an European economies wur in recession, an operations ceased in September 1995. A model specific tae the Unitit States mercat cried the "Bugatti America" wis in the preparatory stages when the company closed. Bugatti's liquidators sauld Lotus tae Proton o Malaysie.

In 1997 German manufacturer Dauer Racing bought the EB110 license an remainin pairts stock tae Bugatti in order tae produce five mair EB110 SS units, although they wur greatly refined bi Dauer. The factory wis later sauld tae a furniture-makin company, which an aa collapsed afore they wur able tae move in, leavin the biggin unoccupied.[4]

Perhaps the maist famous Bugatti EB110 awner wis the German racin driver Michael Schumacher, seven-time Formula Ane Warld Champion, who bought the EB110 in 1994 while racin for the Benetton team. In 2003 Schumacher sauld the caur—which haed been repaired efter a severe crash the year he bought it—tae Modena Motorsport, a Ferrari service an race preparation garage in Germany.

Bugatti Automobiles SAS[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Bugatti Automobiles SAS

Volkswagen AG purchased the richts tae produce caurs unner the Bugatti marque in 1998. They commissioned ItalDesign tae produce the Bugatti EB118 concept, a tourin saloon (sedan), which featured a (555 PS; 547 bhp), an the first W-configuration 16-cylinder ingine in ony passenger vehicle, at the Paris Auto Show.

In 1999, the Bugatti EB 218 concept wis introduced at the Geneva Auto Show; later that year the Bugatti 18/3 Chiron wis introduced at the Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA). At the Tokyo Motor Show, the EB 218 reappeared, an the Bugatti EB 16.4 Veyron wis presentit as the first incarnation o wha wis tae be a production road caur.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886–1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
  2. "Bugatti Model 100 at the EAA Museum". Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  3. "Bugatti Aircraft Association - 100P Airplane". Bugattiaircraft.com. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  4. Copyright. Est February 2003. "Bugatti on TradeTwentyfourSeven website". Trade-247.com. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]