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For ither uises, see Blumenau (disambiguation).
Itajai-Acu river seen frae the surroondins o Garcia's stream mooth; ceety centre at left
Itajai-Acu river seen frae the surroondins o Garcia's stream mooth; ceety centre at left
Banner o Blumenau
Offeecial seal o Blumenau
Nickname(s): Cidade Jardim ("Garden Ceety") an Alemanha Tropical ("Tropical Germany")
Location in the state o Santa Catarina and Brazil
Location in the state o Santa Catarina and Brazil
Coordinates: 26°55′08″S 49°03′57″W / 26.91889°S 49.06583°W / -26.91889; -49.06583Coordinates: 26°55′08″S 49°03′57″W / 26.91889°S 49.06583°W / -26.91889; -49.06583
Kintra Brazil
Region South
State Santa Catarina
Foondit 2 September 1850
 • Mayor Napoleão Bernardes (2013-2016)
 • Total 510 km2 (200 sq mi)
Elevation 21 m (69 ft)
Population (2007 est.)[1]
 • Tot 309,214
 • Density 594.83/km2 (1,540.6/sq mi)
Time zone GMT-3
Wabsteid [1]

Blumenau is a ceety in Vale do Itajaí, state o Santa Catarina, in soothren Brazil. Is 130 km awa frae the state caipital, Florianópolis.

It wis foondit on 2 September 1850 bi Dr. Hermann Bruno Otto Blumenau alang wi 17 German immigrants. A few years later Fritz Müller migratit tae Blumenau as well.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o 2006, Blumenau haed an estimatit population o 302,000 fowk, wi an aurie o 519 km². The main ethnic oreegin o the ceety indwallers are German[2] The ceety displays mony historical an cultural reminders o thair heritage, sic as hooses an ither biggins biggit in a tradeetional German style, statues, an memorials.

Blumenau, compared tae ither Brazilian ceeties, haes a vera heich staundart o livin, wi a Human Development Index o 0.855 as o 2000.[3]

Ethnic composition[eedit | eedit soorce]

Race/Skin colour Percentage Nummer
Whites 94.55% 247,527
Pardos (broun) 3.50% 9,171
Blacks 1.16% 3,042
Amerindians 0.13% 340
Asie 0.10% 252

Source: IBGE 2000.[4]

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Releegion Percentage Nummer
Catholics 73.90% 193,474
Protestants 22.13% 57,935
Nae releegion 1.22% 3,200
Kardecists 0.72% 1,894

IBGE. Census 2000.[5]

Geografie an environment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Parque Nacional da Serra do Itajaí

The ceety is locatit in a valley bisectit bi the Itajaí-Açu River, surroondit bi hills wi forests. The lawer auries, includin touers an taw biggins in the ceety center, constantly suffer frae the threat o floods. Blumenau's first recordit fluid teuk place in the dawn on 23 September 1880. The warst teuk place in 1983 an 1984, whan the ceety wis completely isolatit for weeks. The day, Blumenau is well-prepared against sic threats, but mony ceetizens prefer tae live in heicher auries spread intae the nearbi hills an plains tae avoid floodin. Housomeivver, this plannin coud no avoid an even warse floodin in late November 2008, killin ower 100 an thoosans evacuatit.

Blumenau's dountouwn.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather Underground

The climate o Blumenau is considered tae be subtropical, a climate o transition atween the predominantly tropical climate o Brazil an the predominantly temperate climate o Argentinae. Unner the Köppen climate classification, the ceety haes a wairm, humid subtropical climate.

Blumenau, lik the entire state o Santa Catarina is locatit sooth o the Tropic o Capricorn; tharefore it is mild in the winter wi temperaturs averagin 16.6 °C (61 °F) an wairm an humid in the simmer wi temperaturs averagin aroond 30 °C (87 °F).

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Blumenau's main economic activity is still the textile industrie, responsible for lairge manufacturers sic as Cia Hering, the Karsten an Teka.

Anither aurie o focus is that o information technologie, an the ceety the heidquairters o the sae-cried Valley o the software, an mony software leaders in its segment, some o whom wur born in Blusoft an Instituto Gene, incubators o companies in the sector.

Blumenau is emphasisit in ither industrial sectors sic as metallurgical, mechanical an electrical equipment an aw, an is the lairgest producer o pole transformers in Brazil.

Haes a strang economy, boostit bi strang trade, service an tourism events, wi exhibitions o internaitional projection, which are generally held in German Village.

A new mercat, but expandin rapidly is the production o beer craft, sic as Eisenbahn.

In 2005, the ceety haes an export o products equivalent tae US$405 million (R$820 million), representin 6.1% o exports o the state in this year.

Even tho Blumenau haes its awn airport, normally passengers uise scheduled flichts operatit frae Ministro Victor Konder Internaitional Airport, locatit in the nearbi municipality o Navegantes. Gol Airlines[6] and Azul Brazilian Airlines[7] affer for its passengers free bus transfers atween Navegantes an Blumenau at regular times.

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Secretariat o Tourism o Blumenau maintain 4 tour routes coverin different aspects o the ceety. An besides thir, anither attraction is the festival o the municipality. An aw, the Oktoberfest o Blumenau, held ivery October attracts ower a million tourists ivery year.

Carlos Gomes Theater

Diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Blumenau haes 2 destricts an 33 neebourheids:

Famous inhabitants[eedit | eedit soorce]

Actress Vera Fischer is frae Blumenau.

Sister ceety[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. IBGE – Estimativas 2007 / Contagem da População 2007
  2. Blumenau
  3. "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil". Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano. Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (PNUD). 2000. Retrieved 11 de outubro de 2008.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA
  5. População residente por cor ou raça e religião/Município = Blumenau - SC/Cor ou raça = Total/Ano = 2000.
  6. "Local Transportation-Navegantes". Gol Airlines. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  7. "Ônibus Executivo/Blumenau-Aeroporto de Navegantes" (in Portuguese). Azul Brazilian Airlines. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]