The Habsburgs and the Ottomans[eedit | eedit soorce]
Frae the middle ages until the twentieth century, today's Austrick an Turkey wur the core regions athin much lairger empires. Austrick wis the seat o the Hoose o Habsburg an Turkey wis ruled bi the Hoose o Osman (kent as the Ottoman Dynasty forby). The Habsburg an Ottoman states wur baith lairge multi-ethnic conglomerations sustained bi conquest. These rival empires waged frequent wars against ilk ither ower control o much Central Europe an the Balkans.
During its peak, the Ottoman Empire threatened tae conquer the Austrick caipital of Vienna twice: in 1529 an 1683. Efter the seicont Ottoman defeat at Vienna an the end o the Great Turkis War in 1699, houaniver, the Habsburgs gained the upper haund, an captured Hungary an Croatie frae the Ottomans. Efter these gains, Austrick wis nae langer able tae advance intae the Balkans, acause o the rival influence o Roushie, in a stalemate an dispute kent as the Eastren Question. While Ottoman control in the Balkans declined, the Austrians wur nae able tae annex ony new territory until Bosnie in 1908, an even that caused a diplomatic creesis (the Bosnie creesis). In the interim, Roushie haed helped several nationalities in the Balkans to rebel against the Ottomans and create separate nation-states in the Balkans. After the culmination o aw the chynges frae the Greek War o Unthirldom (1821–1829) tae the Balkan Wars (1912–1913) the Austrick an Ottoman empires nae langeres bordered ilk ither. This alloued baith tae join the Central Powers as allies during the First Warld War. The defeat o the Central Powers lead ta3 the owerthrow o both monarchies.
Austrick an Turkis republics[eedit | eedit soorce]
Austrick currently haes normal relations wi Turkey. Houaniver, thare are some minor complications. Austrick, which haes approximately 250,000 Turks living there (about 3% o Austrick's population), haes been at the forefront o blocking Turkey's accession tae the European Union.
Accession o Turkey tae the European Union[eedit | eedit soorce]
On 10 November 2010 relations atween the twa kintras wur excessively tensed efter the Turkis ambassador tae Austria accused the Austrick public an poleetical elite o xenophobia an called on internaitional organisations wi buildings in Vienna tae relocate tae anither kintra. The Freedom Pairtt called for the suspension o diplomatic relations and an stopping EU accession talks wi Ankara.
In December 2017, Turkey accused the incoming Austrick govrenment o discrimination an racism, efter it would nae agree tae Ankara jynin the EU. In addition, Turkey slammed the EU for nae condemning the Austrick govrenment's approach. The Turkis foreign meenistry accused the incoming government i “dishonesty” forby an warned that thair approach waukd bring Austrick “tae the brink o losing Turkey’s friendship” an be met wi “the reaction that it deserves.”
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Armour, Ian D. (2007). A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918. Hodder Arnold. ISBN 0-340-76040-0.
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
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