Tolyatti

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Tolyatti (Scots)
Тольятти (Roushie)
-  City[citation needit]  -
Komsomolsky district, Tolyatti, Russia.JPG
Komsomolsky Destrict o Tolyatti
Map of Russia - Samara Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location o Samara Oblast in Roushie
Tolyatti is located in Samara Oblast
Tolyatti
Tolyatti
Location o Tolyatti in Samara Oblast
Coordinates: 53°29′N 49°31′E / 53.483°N 49.517°E / 53.483; 49.517
Coat of Arms of Togliatti (Samara oblast) ceremonial.png
Flag of Togliatti (Samara oblast).png
Coat o airms
Banner
Admeenistrative status (as o December 2011)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Samara Oblast[1]
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae ceety o oblast significance o Tolyatti[1]
Admeenistrative center o ceety o oblast significance o Tolyatti[1]
Municipal status (as o December 2004)
Urban okrug Tolyatti Urban Okrug[2]
Admeenistrative centre o Tolyatti Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needit] Sergey Andreyev[citation needit]
Representative body Ceety Duma[citation needit]
Statistics
Aurie 314.8 km2 (121.5 sq mi)[citation needit]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
719,514 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 18t
Population (2002 Census) 702,879 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2002 17t
Densitie 2,286 /km2 (5,920 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Founded 1737[citation needit]
Previous names Stavropol-on-Volga (until 1964)[7]
Postal code(s) 445xxx[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 8482[8]
Offeecial wabsteid

Tolyatti (Roushie: Толья́тти; IPA: [tɐˈlʲjætʲɪ]), kent in as Togliatti an aw, is a ceety in Samara Oblast, Roushie. Population: 702,879 (2002 Census);[4] It is the lairgest ceety in Roushie which does no serve as an admeenistrative center o a federal subject.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

It wis foondit in 1737 as a fortress cried Stavropol (Ста́врополь) bi the Roushie statesman Vasily Tatishchev. Informally it wis aften referred as Stavropol-on-Volga (Ста́врополь-на-Во́лге, Stavropol-na-Volge) tae distinguish frae Stavropol, a lairge ceety in soothwast Roushie.

The construction o the Kuybyshev Dam an Hydroelectric Station on the Volga River in the 1950s creatit the Kuybyshev Reservoir, which covered the existin location o the ceety, an it wis completely rebuilt on a new steid. In 1964, the ceety wis renamit Tolyatti (efter Palmiro Togliatti, the langest-servin secretary o the Italian Communist Pairty).

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tolyatti serves as the admeenistrative center o Stavropolsky Destrict, although it is no admeenistratively a pairt o it. Admeenistratively, alang wi twa rural localities, it is incorporatit as the ceety o oblast significance o Tolyatti—an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1] Municipally, the ceety o oblast significance o Tolyatti is incorporatit as Tolyatti Urban Okrug.[2]

Ceety diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are three destricts in the ceety:

  • Avtozavodsky (Автозаво́дский), cried Novy Gorod (lit. New Ceety) an aw, is the maist modren; it wis designed tae host the wirkers o the ceety's AvtoVAZ factory, hame o the Lada caur;
  • Tsentralny (Центра́льный), cried Stary Gorod (lit. Auld Ceety) an aw, hame o the ceety govrenment an industrial center;
  • Komsomolsky (Комсомо́льский), the auldest destrict, built tae hoose Hydroelectrical Plant builders.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety's main claim tae fame haes been automobile manufacturin bi AvtoVAZ's Lada (Zhiguli) caur plants, employin some 110,000 fowk: in cooperation wi Italy's Fiat syne 1970 an wi General Motors syne 2001.[9]

Ither industries hae muivit intae Tolyatti acause it is close tae abundant supplees o electricity an watter. Petrochemicals are well representit in the ceety. Amang the significant enterprises based there are "TogliattiAzot" (Roushie's biggest ammonia manufacturer) an "KuybyshevAzot" (a nitrogen fertilizer producer). Ither industries include biggin materials production, ship repair an electrical equipment an electronics.

Creeme[eedit | eedit soorce]

October 2007 bomb attack[eedit | eedit soorce]

River port on the Volga

Durin the fore-nuin rush oor o 31 October 2007, a bomb explodit on a passenger bus in the ceety, killin at least aicht fowk an injurin aboot 50 in wha Irina Doroshenko, a spokeswumman for the investigative wing o the local prosecutor’s office, said coud be a terrorist attack.[10] At the beginnin o the investigation, it wis believit tae be the wirk o terrorists frae the North Caucasus.[11] Early reports indicatit possible involvement o Chechen terrorist Doku Umarov.[12] Housomeivver, the offeecials later namit a 21-year-auld Evgeny Vakhrushev, who dee'd in the blast an aw, as the anerlie person tae be responsible for the tragedy.[13]

Organizit creeme[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes a reputation for gang violence atween groups vyin for control o the caur business an aw.[14][15]

Violent creemes[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes witnessed a mafia killin spree - there hae been 550 commissioned killins in Togliatti ower 1998-2004, five o those murthered wur journalists.[16]

Three chief airchitects o Togliatti wur victims o violent creemes: Valery Lopatin wis shot tae daith on 7 Julie 2004, Mikhail Syardin and Aleksander Kiryakov were also injured in violent attacks.[17]

A umwhile ceety mayor (1994–2000), Sergey Zhilkin (Сергей Жилкин), was murdered on 15 November 2008.[18]

On 13 December 2008, Anatoly Stepanov, a vice-speaker o Duma o Samara Oblast, a umwhile heid o admeenistration at the Tsentralny destrict o Togliatti in 1991-1997 an Togliatti mayor candidate in 2004, wis attacked on a street in Togliatti (his hametoun) an left wi serious heid injuries. He dee'd in a hospital on 24 Februar 2009.[19]

Corruption[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety's mayor in 2000-2007, Nikolay Utkin (Николай Уткин), wis sentencit tae seiven years in preeson on corruption charges.[20][21]

Local govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mayor Anatoly Pushkov

Mayor Anatoly Pushkov wis electit in 2008.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Leet o twin touns an sister ceeties in Roushie

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tolyatti is twinned wi:

Pairtner ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Charter of Samara Oblast
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #189-GD
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года" [Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Office of the Mayor: Togliatti - History and geography
  8. Выписка из реестра Российской системы и плана нумерации, Федеральное агенство связи (Россвязь) / ABC code plan by Rossvyaz (Federal Communications Agency of Russia)
  9. [1]
  10. Bomb on Russian Bus Kills at Least 8, Michael Schwirtz, New York Times, 1 November 2007.
  11. 8 dead in Russian terror blast, Russia Today, 31 October 2007.
  12. Bus blast suspect identified: police, Russia Today, 02 November 2007.
  13. Togliatti bus bomber named, Russia Today, 03 November 2007.
  14. Eight killed in Russia bus blast BBC, 31 October 2007.
  15. Криминальная история Тольятти Crime history of Tolyatti.
  16. Russian journalism comes under fire Paul Jenkins, BBC, 2 July 2004.
  17. В Тольятти новый главный архитектор Togliatti has a new chief architect, TLT.ru, 10 April 2009. (Roushie)
  18. Togliatti State University: We are mouring.
  19. Загадки убийства Степанова Mysteries in assassination of Stepanov, TLTgorod.ru. (Roushie)
  20. Togliatti Mayor Suspected of Extorting 4-Storey House Pavel Sedakov, Kommersant, 17 August 2007.
  21. Mayoral Elections Criticized After Arrest Natalya Krainova, The St. Petersburg Times, 2 March 2010.
  22. Русия – Толиати Official site of Kazanlak (Bulgarie)
  23. Togliatti - Russland Official site of Wolfsburg (German)
  24. Decisione della Giunta comunale di Piacenza del 14 luglio 2009 (Italian)

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Самарская Губернская Дума. №179-ГД 18 декабря 2006 г. «Устав Самарской области», в ред. Закона №80-ГД от 10 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 67 Устава Самарской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2007 г. Опубликован: "Волжская коммуна", №237 (25790), 20 декабря 2006 г. (Samara Governorate Duma. #179-GD December 18, 2006 Charter of Samara Oblast, as amended by the Law #80-GD of October 10, 2012 On Amending Article 67 of the Charter of Samara Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2007.).
  • Самарская Губернская Дума. Закон №189-ГД от 28 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом городского округа и муниципального района муниципальных образований в Самарской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волжская коммуна", №247, 31 декабря 2004 г. (Samara Governorate Duma. Law #189-GD of December 28, 2004 On Granting the Status of Urban Okrug and Municipal District to the Municipal Formations in Samara Oblast. Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]