Naitional Seembol o Fraunce
The current emblem o Fraunce haes been a seembol o Fraunce syne 1953, although it does no hae ony legal status as an offeecial coat o airms. It appears on the cover o French passports an wis oreeginally adoptit bi the French Foreign Ministry as a seembol for use by diplomatic an consular missions in 1912 uisin a design drawn up bi the sculptor Jules-Clément Chaplain.
In 1953, Fraunce received a request frae the Unitit Naitions for a copy o the naitional coat o airms tae be displayed alangside the coats o airms o ither member states in its assembly chamber. An interministerial commission requested Robert Louis (1902–1965), heraldic artist, tae produce a version o the Chaplain design. This did no, housomeivver, constitute an adoption o an offeecial coat o airms bi the Republic.
Technically speakin, it is an emblem rather than a coat o airms, syne it does no respect heraldic rules—heraldry being seen as an aristocratic airt, an therefore associatit wi the Ancien Régime. The emblem consists o:
- A wide shield wi, on the ane end a lion-heid an on the ither an eagle-heid, bearin a monogram "RF" staundin for République Française (French Republic).
- A laurel branch seembolises victory o the Republic.
- An oak branch seembolises perennity or wisdom.
- The fasces, a seembol associatit wi juistice (the bundle o rods an an axe, carried bi Roman lictors).
In September 1999, the French government adoptit a unique offeecial identifier for its communication, incorporatin the Republic's motto, the colours o the banner, an Marianne, the Republic's personification.
- Service d'Information du Gouvernement (24 September 1999). Charte Graphique de la Communication Gouvernementale (PDF).