Coat o airms o Finland
The Coat o airms o Finland is a crouned lion on a red field, the richt forepaw replaced wi an armoured haund brandishin a sword, tramplin on a saber wi the hindpaws. Offeecial anerlie syne 1978, the coat o airms wis oreeginally creatit aroond the year 1580.
The Lion in Nordic heraldry
The heraldic lion is quite common in Wastren Europe, an several European kintras incorporate it intae their naitional coats o airms. In Nordic heraldry, the lion is first-foond in the coat o airms o Denmark in the later pairt o the 12t century.
Stairtin in the 12t century, the territory o the day's Finland wis gradually incorporated intae the Swadish kinrick, an this coincidit wi the period when coats o airms first came intae uise in northren Europe. The first kent uise o the lion in Swaden wis on the ryal seals o Erik Knutsson (dee'd 1216) an Erik Eriksson (1216–50), who uised twa an three lions on their seal, respectively. The first keeng o the Folkunga family, Valdemar Birgersson (1239–1302), an aa uised 3 lions on his seal (Figure 2).
Finland as a Duchy
Bengt Birgersson, the first Duke o Finland (1254–91, Duke frae 1284 till 1291), an Valdemar Magnusson, the seicont Duke (dee'd 1318, Duke o Finland frae 1302 till 1317), baith uised the later Folkunga coat o airms, which wis a crouned lion rampant wi three bends sinister, the main difference being that Valdemar's airms haed the field strewn wi herts (Figure 3). This version o the airms wis quite similar tae the modren coat o airms o Finland, but the lion did no yet brandish ony weapon.