Coat o airms o Austrick
The current coat o airms o Austrick, albeit athoot the broken chains, haes been in uise bi the Republic o Austrick syne 1919. Atween 1934 an the German annexation in 1938 Austrick uised a different coat o airms, which consistit o a double-heidit eagle. The establishment o the Seicont Republic in 1945 saw the return o the oreeginal (First Republic) airms, wi broken chains addit tae seembolise Austrick's liberation.
Table o contents
In translation, the blazon o the Federal Airms o the Republic o Austrick reads:
Gules a fess Argent, escutcheon on the breast o an eagle displayed Sable, langued Gules, beaked Or, crouned wi a mural croun o three visible merlons Or, airmed Or, dexter talon hauldin sickle, sinister talon hauldin hammer, baith talons shackled wi chain broken Argent.
There are twa different versions o the airms: Ane version in accordance wi the Federal Constitution, in which the eagle is representit plain black, an anither mair airtistic version in which the eagle's feathers are detailed. Baith versions are uised in parallel.
The seembols an emblems uised in the Austrian airms are as follaes:
- The Eagle: Austrick's sovereignty (introduced 1919)
- The escutcheon Emblem o Austrick (late Middle Ages, reintroduced 1915)
- The mural crown: The middle class (introduced 1919)
- The sickle: Agricultur (introduced 1919)
- The Hammer: Industry (introduced 1919)
- The broken chains: Liberation frae Naitional Socialist dictatorship (addit 1945)
Discussions aboot the airms hae been triggered in the past bi differin poleetical interpretations, especially bi the uise o the hammer an the sickle an the broken chains, syne the crossed hammer an sickle are a widespread seembol o communism, as is the breakin o chains. Surveys hae housomeivver confirmed, that unnerstandin o the actual seembolism o the airms is widespread.
On the ane haund the airms serve as a new republican seembol, on the ither as a modified version o the historical Habsburg airms. The current version o the airms is aften regardit as being reminiscent o the double-heidit eagle o the Habsburg monarchy. Accordin tae this interpretation, the single heidit eagle alludes, in the sense o the removal o the left hand, "Hungarian" heid, tae the removal o the eastren pairt o the Habsburg Empire. Housomeivver, Addendum 202 tae the 1919 Law on the State Airms an the State Seal o the Republic o German Austrick states expressly that the "new" single heidit Austrian eagle is based no on the double heidit eagle (seembol o the Habsburgs syne 1804, an previously o the Holy Roman Empire), but rather on the "seembol o the legions o the Roman Republic", the Aquila. The Austrian federal states hae housomeivver retained pre-republican heraldic traditions (maistly heraldic images frae the Middle Ages, but an aa diverse accoutrements such as archducal an ducal hats, an knights' helmets).
The touer airms
On 31 October 1918, the cooncil o state agreed upon the colours o the republic (red-white-red) as well as the new coat o airms composed personally bi chancellor Karl Renner. The coat o airms wis composed quickly due tae the need for haein a seal at the peace talks efter Warld War I. The coat o airms consistit o black touer representin the bourgeoisie, twa crossed red hammers representin wirkers an a gowden wreath o ears o corn representin farmers. The colours black, red an golwd wis deliberately chosen acause they wur the German naitional colours.
The new coat o airms wis housomeivver athdrawn as it was met wi hivy criticism for instance bi Adolf Loos an heraldists. The proposal wis too similar tae commercial advertisin. A decision bi the cooncil o meenisters on 8 Mey 1919 replaced the touer airms wi the eagle.
The coat o airms in numismatics
The coat o airms haes been the main motif o mony collector coins, ane o the maist recent being the 20 Euro Post War Period coin, mintit on 17 September 2003. The obverse o the coin shows the airms flanked bi the Austrian banner an the European Union banner.
See an aa
- Lit.: Diem: Die Symbole Österreichs
- Lit.: Diem: Die Entwicklung des österreichischen Bundeswappens, Abschnitt Das Staatswappen der Republik (Deutsch)österreich
- The Symbols of Austria
- Coat of arms of Austria In The World All Countries Coat of arms
- Austria: Coat of Arms in CRW Flags