Banner o Austrick
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The flag o Austrick haes three equal horizontal baunds of red (top), white, an red. The Austrian banner is the seicont-auldest banner in uise (which haes been in uise syne 1230) efter the Dens banner (which haes been in uise syne 1219).
Table o contents
Duke Friedrich II (1210-1246), the last o the Babenberg dynasty, who wis nicknamed the "Quarrelsome" or the "Warlike", designed a new coat o airms in red-white-red in the year 1230 in his attempt tae become mair independent frae the Holy Roman Empire.
Accordin tae legend, the banner wis inventit bi Duke Leopold V o Austrick (1157–1194) as a consequence o his fechtin durin the Crusades. Efter a fierce battle, his white battle dress wis completely drenched in blood. When he removed his belt, the cloth unnerneath wis untouched bi it, revealin the combination o red-white-red. So taken wis he bi this singular sicht that he adoptit the colors an scheme as his banner.
Uise durin the Monarchy
Although the combination o red-white-red wis, syne the late Middle Ages, widely considered tae be the "Austrian" colours an uised bi baith the Babenberg an the Habsburg dynasties in connection wi their Austrian territories, the naitional banner o Austrick (in a modren sense) till 1918 wis black-yellow. These wur the family colours o the Hoose o Habsburg, an wur themsels in part derived frae the Holy Roman Empire.
Beginnin in the reign o Emperor Joseph II, the Austrian, later Austro-Hungarian Navy uised a Naval Ensign (Marineflagge) based on the red-white-red colours, an augmentit wi a shield o similar colours. Baith o these banner became obsolete wi the dissolution o the Empire in 1918, an the newly formed Republic o Austrick adoptit red-white-red as its naitional banner.
Similar designs uised elsewhere
The banner o Lebanon bears a close resemblance, showin the green cedar in white field. The Lebanese banner haes similar upper-doun red stripes wi Spainyie fess. Ane theory on the banner's design haulds that since Lebanese member o parliament Henri Pharaon, who wis involved in the makin o the banner, wis a lang-time consul in Vienna an wis an avid friend an foonder o the "Austro-Lebanese Association o Friendship", the colors coud hae been inspired bi the Austrian banner.
The banner o Peru resembles the colours, but haes its baunds aligned vertically.
The same design is an aa uised tae mark "No entry" on European inland waterways.
The Austrian banner haes been the main motif o mony collector coins. Ane o the maist recent examples is the 20 euro Post War Period coin, issued bi the Republic o Austrick on 17 September 2003. The obverse o this coin shows the Austrian coat o airms flanked bi the Austrian banner an the European Union banner.