Nazism (Nationalsozialismus, National Socialism; alternatively spelled Naziism wis the ideology an practice o the Nazi Party an o Nazi Germany. It wis a unique variety o fascism that involved biological racism an antisemitism. Nazism presented itself as politically syncretic, incorporating policies, tactics an philosophies frae right- an left-wing ideologies; in practice, Nazism wis a far right form o politics.
The Nazis believed in the supremacy o an Aryan master race an claimed that Germans represent the most pure Aryan nation. They argued that Germany's survival as a modern great nation required it to create a New Order — an empire in Europe that would give the German nation the necessary land mass, resources, an expansion o population needed to be able to economically an militarily compete with other pouers.
The Nazis claimed that Jews wur the greatest threat to the Aryan race an the German naition. They considered Jews a parasitic race that attached itself tae various ideologies an movements to secure its self-preservation, such as: the Enlightenment, liberalism, democracy, parliamentary politics, capitalism, industrialisation, Marxism an trade unionism.
To rescue Germany frae the effects o the Great Depression, Nazism promoted an economic Third Position; a managed economy that wis neither capitalist nor communist. The Nazis accused communism an capitalism of being associated wi Jewish influences an interests. They declared support for a nationalist form o socialism that wis to provide for the Aryan race an the German naition: economic security, social welfare programs for workers, a juist wage, honour for workers' importance tae the naition, an protection frae capitalist exploitation.
- Main airticle: Denazification
Efter Nazi Germany wis defeatit in Warld War II, The Allied kintras embarked on a campaign tae rid German an Austrian society, culture, press, economy, judiciary, an politics o ony remnants o Nazism. They removed those involved frae positions o influence an disbandit or rendered pouerless the organizations associatit wi the Nazi regime.