Kingisepp

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Kingisepp (Scots)
Кингисепп (Roushie)
-  Town[citation needit]  -
Sc-mus.jpg
Kingisepp museum
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location o Leningrad Oblast in Roushie
Kingisepp is located in Leningrad Oblast
Kingisepp
Kingisepp
Location o Kingisepp in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°22′N 28°36′E / 59.367°N 28.600°E / 59.367; 28.600
Coat of Arms of Kingisepp (Leningrad oblast).png
Flag of Kingisepp (Leningrad oblast).png
Coat o airms
Banner
Admeenistrative status
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast
Admeenistrative destrict Kingiseppsky Destrict[citation needit]
Admeenistrative center o Kingiseppsky Destrict[citation needit]
Municipal status
Mayor[citation needit] Viktor Gashele[citation needit]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
48,488 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 327t
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[2]
Founded 1384[citation needit]
Previous names Yam (until 14 Mey 1703),[3]
Yamburg (until 1922)[3]
Postal code(s) 188480[4]
Dialin code(s) +7 81375[4]
Offeecial wabsteid

Kingisepp (Roushie: Ки́нгисепп‎ or Кингисе́пп; Finnish: Jaama[5]), umwhile Yamburg (Я́мбург), Yam (Я́м), an Yama (Я́ма), is an auncient toun an the admeenistrative centre o Kingiseppsky Destrict o Leningrad Oblast, Roushie, locatit alang the Luga River 110 kilometers (68 mi) wast o St. Petersburg, 20 kilometers (12 mi) east o Narva, an 49 kilometers (30 mi) sooth o the Guwf o Finland. Population: 48,488 (2010 Census preliminary results);[1] 50,295 (2002 Census);[6] 49,954 (1989 Census).[7]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

14t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun wis first documentit in 1384, when the Novgorodians unner Patrikas built thare a fortress against the Swades.[8] They cried it Yama or Yamsky Gorodok efter the Ingrie (ethnic Finnic group) name Jaama.[5] The environs o the toun are still citit as the main location o speakers o the nearly extinct Ingrie leid [1]. The citadel athstuid sieges bi the Teutonic Knichts in 1395 an durin the 1444-1448 war.

16t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun became the maist important economic centre o the Vodskaya pyatina o the republic. Thare wur 201 hamesteads in the 15t century in the toun; its total population can anerlie be evaluatit roughly based on the estimates o 3-5 bodies per hamestead.[8] At the end o the Livonie War, it wis cedit tae Swaden, anerlie tae be returned twal years later, in 1595.

17t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Follaein the Treaty o Stolbovo, it again passed tae the Swades, who kept the name which in Swadish orthografie became Jama or Jamo. The tounship wis completely destroyed bi Roushie airmies durin the war o 1656–8, efter which anerlie the citadel remained intact. It is questionable whether the tounship, wi its exclusively Roushie tounsfowk, iver recovered.

18t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yamburg's St. Catherine Cathedral wis built in 1764-1782 tae a late Baroque design bi Antonio Rinaldi

In 1703, the citadel wis finally taken bi the Roushies in the course o the Great Northren War (it wis first held bi the Roushies for a month in late 1700). On 14 Mey 1703, Yam wis renamit Yamburg[3] (a German version o the name). Five years later, Peter the Great grantit the toun tae Alexander Menshikov in his capacity o the Duke o Izhora. In 1780, Catherine II re-appruivit wi some chaynges a previously existin coat o airms.[3] Toun status wis grantit in 1784.

20t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Roushie Ceevil War[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vladimir Lenin reportitly stayed in Yamburg in Januar 1919, when he ordered the Bolshevik troops tae retak the toun o Narva frae Estonie forces.[9] In October 1919, the anti-Bolshevist commander, General Nikolai Yudenich captured Yamburg, which markit the beginnin o the push bi the Northwastren White Airmy towards Petrograd.[10] Housomeivver, the Bolsheviki consequently re-captured Yamburg on 14 November 1919.[11] On 16 November 1919, The forces o General Yudenitch wur "croudit thegither in a sma space near Yamburg", "in a serious state o disorganisation", reportit The New York Times at the time.[12]

Name chynge[eedit | eedit soorce]

The German form o the toun name wis retained till 1922, when the Bolsheviks renamit it in honor o the Estonie Communist leader Viktor Kingissepp. It shoud no be ramfeeselt wi the Estonie toun o Kuressaare, umwhile Kingissepa (1952-1988).

Kingisepp–Gdov Affensive[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Kingisepp–Gdov Affensive

On 1 Februar 1944, the 109th Rifle Diveesion captured Kingisepp, forcin the German 18t Airmy intae new positions on the eastren bank o Narva.[13]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Leet o twin touns an sister ceeties in Roushie

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kingisepp is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Кингисепп - официальный сайт Администрации МО Кингисеппское городское поселение - История" (in Russian). Официальный сайт Администрации. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Кингисепп - официальный сайт Администрации МО Кингисеппское городское поселение - О городе" (in Russian). Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 http://www.hs.fi/english/article/Last+of+the+Ingrian+grannies+hold+on/1329104265831
  6. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Bernadsky, Viktor Nikolayevich (1961). Новгород и новгородская земля в XV веке (Novgorod and the Novgorod Land in 15th century). Leningrad (Saunt Petersburg): published by the USSR Academy of Sciences. pp. 123–124. 
  9. "Allies Repulse Reds' Attack At the Dvina". New York Tribune. 29 January 1919. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  10. "Push on Petrograd Marked by Taking of Russian Town". The Democratic Banner (Columbus, OH). Ohio Historical Society. 14 October 1919. p. 1. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  11. "Bolsheviki Grain Near Petrograd". New York Tribune (Washington, DC). Library of Congress. 15 November 1919. p. 4. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  12. "Yudenitch a Refuge? Bolshevist Commander Said to Have Arrived in Esthonian Capital.". The New York Times. 23 November 1919. p. 7. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  13. David M. Glantz (2002). The Battle for Leningrad: 1941-1944. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-1208-4. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Major fortresses o Wastren Roushie