Cheetah

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Cheetah[1]
Conservation status
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Genus: Acinonyx
Species: A. jubatus
Binomial name
Acinonyx jubatus
(Schreber, 1775)
Type species
Acinonyx venator
Brookes, 1828 (= Felis jubata, Schreber, 1775) by monotypy
Subspecies

See text.

The range o the cheetah

The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is a lairge feline (faimily Felidae, subfaimily Felinae) inhabitin maist o Africae an pairts o the Middle East. It is the anly extant member o the genus Acinonyx. The cheetah can run faster than ony ither land animal— as fast as 112 to 120 km/h (70 to 75 mph)[3][4][5][6][7][8] in short bursts coverin distances up tae 500 m (1,600 ft), an haes the ability tae accelerate frae 0 tae 100 km/h (62 mph) in three seiconts.[9] Data frae 367 runs bi three female an twa male adults, wi an average run distance o 173 m, shawed that while huntin cheetahs can run 58 miles (93 km) per oor.[10][11]

This cat is an aa notable for modifications in the species' paws. It is ane o the few felids wi semi-retractable claws.[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–533. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. Bauer, H., Belbachir, F., Durant, S., Hunter, L., Marker, L., Packer, K. & Purchase, N. (2008). Acinonyx jubatus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Retrieved 9 October 2008.
  3. Sharp, N. C. (1997). "Timed running speed of a cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)". Journal of Zoology, London 241 (3): 493–494. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1997.tb04840.x. 
  4. Milton Hildebrand (1959). "Motions of Cheetah and Horse". Journal of Mammalogy 40 (4): 481–495. doi:10.2307/1376265. JSTOR 1376265. [deid airtin] Although according to Cheetah, Luke Hunter and Dave Hamman, (Struik Publishers, 2003), pp. 37–38, the cheetah's fastest recorded speed was 110 km/h (68 mph).
  5. Carwardine, Mark (2008). Animal Records. New York: Sterling. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-4027-5623-8. 
  6. Sears, Edward S. (2001). Running Through the Ages. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-7864-0971-6. 
  7. Smith, Roff (2 August 2012). "Cheetah Breaks Speed Record—Beats Usain Bolt by Seconds". National Geographic Daily News (National Geographic Society). 
  8. "Speed sensation". Nature Video Collections. BBC Nature. 
  9. "Cheetah fast facts". Zoological Society of London. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  10. RVC Press Office (13 June 2013). "Groundbreaking RVC research shows wild cheetah reaching speeds of up to 58mph during a hunt". rvc.ac.uk. Royal Veterinary College, University of London. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  11. Wilson AM, Lowe JC, Roskilly K, Hudson PE, Golabek KA, McNutt JW (2013). "Locomotion dynamics of hunting in wild cheetahs". Nature 498 (7453): 185–189. doi:10.1038/nature12295. PMID 23765495. 
  12. "Cheetah Fact Sheet". Cheetah.org. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 

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