Ostrich

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Ostrich
Ostriches cape point cropped.jpg
male (left) an female ostriches
Conservation status
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Paleognathae
Order: Struthioniformes
Family: Struthionidae
Genus: Struthio
Species: S. camelus
Binomial name
Struthio camelus
Linnaeus, 1758[2]
Subspecies

S. c. australus Gurney, 1868[2]
Southern Ostrich

S. c. camelus Linnaeus, 1758[2]
North African Ostrich

S. c. massaicus Neumann, 1898[2]
Masai Ostrich

S. c. syriacus Rothschild, 1919[2]
Arabian Ostrich

S. c. molybdophanes Reichenow, 1883[2]
Somali Ostrich

Distribution

The Ostrich or Common Ostrich (Struthio camelus) is either ane or twa species o lairge flichtless birds native tae Africae, the anly livin member(s) o the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite faimily. Some analyses indicate that the Somali Ostrich mey be better considered a full species separate frae the Common Ostrich, but maist taxonomists consider it tae be a subspecies.

The ostrich shares the order Struthioniformes wi the kiwis, emus, rheas, an cassowaries. It is distinctive in its appearance, wi a lang neck an legs, an can run at up tae aboot 70 km/h (43 mph),[3] the fastest land speed o ony bird.[4] The ostrich is the lairgest livin species o bird an lays the lairgest eggs o ony livin bird (extinct elephant birds o Madagascar an the giant moa o New Zealand laid lairger eggs).

The ostrich's diet consists mainly o plant matter, tho it an aa eats invertebrates. It lives in nomadic groups o 5 tae 50 birds. When threatened, the ostrich will either hide itself bi lying flat against the grund, or run away. If cornered, it can attack wi a kick o its pouerful legs. Matin patterns differ bi geographical region, but territorial males ficht for a harem o twa tae seven females.

The ostrich is fairmed aroond the warld, particularly for its feathers, which are decorative an are an aa uised as feather dusters. Its skin is uised for leather products an its meat is mercatit commercially.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Struthio camelus". IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Version 3.1. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naiture. Retrieved 17 Feb 2011.  BirdLife International (2012). "Ostrich Struthio camelus – BirdLife Species Factsheet". Data Zone. Retrieved 17 Feb 2011. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Brands, Sheila (14 August 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Genus Struthio". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Davies, S.J.J.F. (2003). "Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins". In Hutchins, Michael. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia 8 (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 99–101. ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. 
  4. Doherty, James G. (March 1974). Natural History (The American Museum of Natural History). 

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