Faimily (biology)

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Life Domain Kinrick Phylum Class Order Faimily Genus Species
The hierarchy of biological classification's aicht major taxonomic ranks. An order contains ane or mair faimilies. Intermediate minor rankins are nae shawn.

In biological classification, faimily (Laitin: familia) is

  • a taxonomic rank. Ither well-kent ranks are life, domain, kinrick, phylum, class, order, genus, an species, wi faimily fittin atween order an genus. As for the ither well-kent ranks, thare is the option o an immediately lawer rank, indicatit bi the prefix sub-: subfaimily (Latin: subfamilia).
  • a taxonomic unit, a taxon, in that rank. In that case the plural is faimilies (Latin familiae)
Example: Wawnits an hickories alang tae Juglandaceae, the wawnit faimily

What daes an daes nae alang tae each faimily is determined bi a taxonomist. Similarly for the question if a particular faimily should be recognized at aw. Eften thare is na exact agreement, wi different taxonomists each takin a different poseetion. Thare are na haird rules that a taxonomist needs tae follae in describing or recognizing a faimily. Some taxa are acceptit almaist universally, while ithers are recognised anly rarely.