Banner o Ethiopie
The Banner o Ethiopie is a banner that wis adoptit on Februar 6, 1996. The three traditional colours (green, yellow an red) date back tae Emperor Menelik (1889–1913) an wur first uised in a banner in 1895. The current banner an emblem wur adoptit efter the defeat o the Marxist Mengistu regime (in pouer frae 1974–1991). The emblem is intendit tae represent baith the diversity an unity o the kintra. Blue represents peace, the starn represents diversity an unity, an the sun's rays seembolise prosperity. The green recaws the land, yellow stands for peace an hope, an red is seembolic o strength.
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The colours o African unity (red, green an yellow) are seen here on ane o the auldest African banners. These colours wur uised for the banner o the Ethiopian Empire in 1897, a year aefter Ethiopie decisively defendit itsel frae colonial Italy at the Battle o Adwa. The banner's tri-colour scheme haes existit syne the early 19t century, an wis previously the offeecial banner o the Ethiopian Empire's Solomonic dynasty. The colours green, yellow, an red hae carried special importance syne at least the early 17t century.
The ryal banner aften featured the emblem o a Lion o Judah, a crouned lion carryin a cross centred in the banner's yellow mid-section. The banner is unnerstood tae be a link atween the Ethiopian kirk, the fowk, an the naition that wis unitit. The processional cross carried bi the lion wis the umwhile "banner" or seembol o Ethiopie, an haes been in uise syne at least the early 17t century, as well. Whilst red is currently featured at the bottom o the horizontal tricolour, this wis reversed till the mid-19t century. The emblem wis addit in 1996. Wha the colours seembolise varies dependin on point o view, but generally, red represents pouer or African blood spilled in defense o the land, yellow represents peace an harmony atween Ethiopie's various ethnic an releegious groups, an green is said tae seembolize hope, or the land an its fertility. Ither African naitions, upon gainin unthrildom frae their colonial rulers aften adoptit these three colours that are kent as the Pan-African colours.
Prior tae 1996 (an tae some extent even today) the 'plain' banner wis commonly seen athort the naition an the warld. Previously, especially durin the Derg regime, a number o different emblems wur experimentit wi. Housomeivver, the basic colour schematic haes remained constant. Even the oppressive Derg did no dare tae tamper wi the colours' layoot, but simply removed an chynged the imperial emblem efter Haile Selassie's owerthrow. An alternative emblem featurin a five pointit starn an rays ower a cogwheel surroondit bi a wreath o leaves is nou the featured emblem.
The starn is yellow on a blue disc which owerlaps the green an red stripes. The starn testifies tae Ethiopie's bricht future an possibly echoes the connection wi the Hoose o Keeng Solomon, while the yellow rays which it emits are equidistant an are said tae represent the equality o aw Ethiopians regardless o race, creed, or gender.
See an aa
- Manoel Barradas, "Tractatus Tres Historico-Geographici: (1634); A Seventeenth Century Historical and Geographical Account of Tigray, Ethiopia", Elizabet Filleul, trans., Richard Pankhurst, ed., in Aethiopistische Forschungen 43. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1996, p. 59.
- Barradas, pp. 70-71.
- Ethiopia at Flags of the World