Banner o Sooth Africae
current banner o the Republic o Sooth Africae wis adoptit on 27 April 1994, at the beginnin o the 1994 general election, tae replace the banner that haed been uised since 1928. The new naitional banner, designed bi State Herald Frederick Brownell, wis chosen to represent the new democracy.
The banner haes horizontal bands o red (on the top) an blue (on the bottom), o equal width, separatit bi a central green baund which splits intae a horizontal "Y" shape, the airms o which end at the corners o the hoist side (an follow the flag's diagonals). The Y embraces a black isosceles triangle frae which the airms are separatit bi narrow yellow baunds; the red an blue baunds are separatit frae the green baund an its airms bi narrow white stripes. The stripes at the fly end are in the 5:1:3:1:5 ratio.
In blazons (a vexillological description uisin flag terminology), the Sooth African flag is described as "per pall fesswise gules, sable and azure, a fesswise pall vert fimbriated argent, Or an argent."
Design an seembolism
According tae official South African government information, the South African flag is "a synopsis o principal elements o the kintra's flag history." Although different fowk may attribute personal symbolism tae the individual colours or colour combinations, "nae universal seembolism shoud be attached tae ony o the colours." The ae seembolism in the flag is the V or Y shape, which can be interpretit as "the convergence o diverse elements athin Sooth African society, takin the road ahead in unity.
Frae time tae time explanations o the meanings or seembolism o the flag's colours are published in various media, includin offeecial government publications an speeches bi government officials.
Three o the colours — black, green an yellow — are foond in the flag o the African Naitional Congress. The ither three — red, white an blue — are uised in the modern banner o the Netherlands an the banner o the Unitit Kinrick; the colours white an blue wur an aa foond in the auld banner o Sooth Africae. Umwhile Sooth African Preses F.W. de Klerk, who proclaimed the new flag on 20 Aprile 1994, statit in his autobiography, The Last Trek: a New Beginning, that chili red wis chosen instead o plain red (which Anglo-Africans woud hae preferred) or orange (as Afrikaners woud hae preferred).
|Colour||Textile colour||Pantone equivalent||RGB ||RGB Sample|
|Green||CKS 42 c Spectrum green||3415 c||#007C59|
|Black||CKS 401 c Blue black||#000000|
|White||CKS 701 c National flag white||#FFFFFF|
|Gold||CKS 724 c Gold yellow||1235 c||#FCB514|
|Red||CKS 750 c Chilli red||179 c||#E23D28|
|Blue||CKS 762 c National flag blue||Reflex blue c||#0C1C8C|
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