The flag wis first flown on the day o independence, October 12, 1968, an it showed the naitional emblem in the center. Housomeivver, in 1972, during the regime o Francisco Nguema, a different naitional emblem appeared on the flag. The original coat o airms wis restored efter Nguema wis deposed in August 1979. The airms consists o a silver shield wi a silk-cotton tree, which wis derived frae the airms o Rio Muni. Abuin the shield is an arc o 6 sax-pointit yellow stars, that represent Rio Muni an the affshore islands. Beneath the shield is a silver scroll wi the naitional motto, Unidad, Paz, Justicia ("Unity, Peace, Justice").