Portrait bi Nicolas de Largillière, 1718
21 November 1694
30 Mey 1778 (aged 83)|
|Thrift||Writer, filosofer, playwricht, historian|
François-Marie Arouet (French: [fʁɑ̃.swa ma.ʁi aʁ.wɛ]; 21 November 1694 – 30 Mey 1778), kent bi his nom de plume Voltaire (//; French: [vɔl.tɛːʁ]), wis a French Enlichtenment writer, historian, an filosofer famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Kirk, an his advocacy o freedom o releegion, freedom o expression, an separation o kirk an state.
Voltaire wis a versatile writer, producin warks in awmaist every leeterar form, includin plays, poems, novelles, essays, an historical an scienteefic warks. He wrote mair nor 20,000 letters an mair than 2,000 beuks an pamphlets. He wis an ootspoken advocate o ceevil leeberties, despite the risk this placed him in unner the strict censorship laws o the time. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made uise o his warks tae creeticise intolerance, releegious dogma, an the French institutions o his day.