Villeurbanne

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Villeurbanne
Villeurbanne is locatit in Fraunce
Villeurbanne
Villeurbanne
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Villeurbanne is locatit in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Villeurbanne
Villeurbanne
Coordinates: 45°46′00″N 4°52′49″E / 45.7667°N 4.8803°E / 45.7667; 4.8803Coordinates: 45°46′00″N 4°52′49″E / 45.7667°N 4.8803°E / 45.7667; 4.8803
Kintra Fraunce
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Metropolis Metropolis of Lyon
Arrondissement Lyon
Canton Villeurbanne-Centre, Villeurbanne-Nord, an Villeurbanne-Sud
Intercommunality Lyon
Govrenment
 • Mayor (2001–2014) Jean-Paul Bret (PS)
Area1 14.52 km2 (5.61 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 139,596
 • Density 9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 69266 /69100
Elevation 165–189 m (541–620 ft)
(avg. 181 m or 594 ft)

1 French Laund Register data, that excludes lochs, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) an river estuaries.

2 Population withoot dooble coontin: residents o multiple communes (e.g., students an militar personnel) anerly coontit ance.

Villeurbanne is a commune in the Rhône depairtment in eastren Fraunce.

It is situated northeast o Lyon, wi which it forms the hert o the seicont-lairgest metropolitan aurie in Fraunce efter that o Paris. Villeurbanne is the seicont-lairgest ceety in the depairtment.

Gratte-Ciel (1934) in Villeurbanne

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The current location o downtown Villeurbanne is kent tae hae been inhabited as far back as 6000 BC. Its current name comes frae a Gallo-Roman farming aurie, established at aboot the same time as Lyon (then Lugdunum) an kent as the Villa Urbana ("town house"). It wad then acome Urbanum, then Villa Urbane an, ultimately, Villeurbanne.

Villeurbanne haes belonged tae the kinrick o Fraunce syne 1349. It wis then separated frae Lyon bi the river La Rize, a umwhile branch o the Rhône River.

Until the 19t century, the ceety wis merely a patchwork o distinct villages separated bi fields an undeveloped land. Thir villages hae maistly survived, an nowadays form the neighborhoods o Charpennes, Cusset, Croix-Luizet, Maisons-Neuves, etc.

Wi the industrial era, Villeurbanne's economy soared: the textile industry wis the first tae bloom, followed bi mechanical an chemical ones. The factories lured in numerous immigrants, maist notably frae Italy. Transforming frae a rural community tae an industrial toun, Villeurbanne underwent a tremendous demographic boom in the late 1920s. Frae 3,000 indwallers in 1928, its population rocketed tae 82,000 in 1931. Mayor Lazare Goujon (elected 1924) engaged the ceety in a vast public works initiative. Arguably the maist visible heritage o this program is the Gratte-Ciel, a housing complex made up o twa Art Deco touers an annex smawer buildings, lining up alang the Avenue Henri Barbusse. Thir structures are the work o architect Môrice Leroux, an ane o the maist notable Art Deco structures in Fraunce. Haein undergone thorough renovation, the 19-story twin touers hae acome an emblem o the ceety.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mony colleges an varsities o the Lyon metropolitan aurie are locatit in Villeurbanne. Mony o thir are locatit on the La Doua campus, home tae the Claude Bernard Varsity (Lyon I), CPE Lyon an the Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Villeurbanne is well served bi the Lyon aurie public transit seestem, the TCL (Transports en Commun Lyonnais). The east branch o subway line A runs throu the ceety hert, an the new tramway line T1 connects the La Doua campus tae the Lyon business an commercial destrict o La Part-Dieu an the Presqu'île downtown.

Interniational relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Villeurbanne is twinned wi:

Demography[eedit | eedit soorce]

In terms o nummer o indwallers, the ceety o Villeurbanne is the seicont ceety o the Rhône depairtment, the fowert ceety o the region Rhône-Alpes, the 27t ceety o Fraunce. It is an aa the biggest ceety o Fraunce tae be anerlie a chef-lieu o a canton an no tae be a prefecture.

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

The leet o notable native Villeurbannais includes:

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guillaume Bottazzi airt wirk on a skyscraper

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Embassy of France in Moscow
  2. "Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui" (in French). École des hautes études en sciences sociales. Retrieved 3 Februar 2010. 
  3. "Recensement de la population au 1er janvier 2007" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 3 Februar 2010. 
Notes

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]