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Thales of Miletus (pronounced /ˈθeɪliːz/ (deprecatit template); Greek: Θαλῆς, Thalēs; c. 624 BC – c. 546 BC) wis a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher frae Miletus in Asia Minor, an ane o the Seven Sages of Greece. Mony, maist notably Aristotle, regaird him as the first philosopher in the Greek tradeetion.[1] Accordin tae Bertrand Russell, "Western philosophy begins with Thales."[2] Thales attempt the expleen naitural phenomena athoot reference tae mythology an wis tremendously influential in this respect. Amast aw o the ither pre-Socratic philosophers follae him in attemptin tae provide an explanation of ultimate substance, chynge, an the existence o the warld—athout reference the mythology. Those philosophers wur an aa influential, an eventually Thales' rejection of mythological explanations became an essential idea for the scientific revolution. He wis an aa the first tae define general principles an set forth hypotheses, an as a result haes been dubbed the "Father of Science".[3][4]

In mathematics, Thales uised geometry tae solve problems sic as calculating the height of pyramids an the distance of ships frae the shore. He is credit wi the first uise of deductive reasoning applee'd tae geometry, bi derivin fower corollaries the Thales' Theorem. As a result, he haes been hailed as the first true mathematician an is the first kent individual tae whom a mathematical discovery haes been attributit.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Aristotle, Metaphysics Alpha, 983b18.
  2. Russell, Bertrand. "The History of Western Philosophy". 1945
  3. Singer, C. A Short History of Science to the 19th century. Streeter Press, 2008. p. 35.
  4. Needham, C.W. Cerebral Logic: Solving the Problem of Mind and Brain. Loose Leaf, 1978. p. 75.
  5. (Boyer 1991, "Ionia and the Pythagorean's" p. 43)