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The modren toun o Tadmur
The modren toun o Tadmur
Tadmur is located in Syrie
Coordinates: 34°33′36″N 38°16′2″E / 34.56000°N 38.26722°E / 34.56000; 38.26722
Kintra Sirie
GovrenorateHoms Govrenorate
DestrictTadmur Destrict
405 m (1,329 ft)
 (2004 census)[1]
 • Total51,323
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)31

Tadmur (Arabic: تدمر‎; spelt, Tadmor an aw; auncient Palmira) is a ceety in central Sirie, admeenistratively pairt o the Homs Govrenorate. It is locatit in an oasis in the middle o the Sirie Desert 215 km northeast o Damascus[2] and 180 km soothwast o the Euphrates. The auncient ruins o Palmira are situatit aboot 500 metres soothwast o Tadmur.[3] Awtho relatively isolatit, the nearest localities include Arak tae the east, al-Sukhnah further tae the northeast, Tiyas tae the wast an al-Qaryatayn tae the soothwast. Accordin tae the Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS), Tadmur haed a population of 51,323 in the 2004 census.[1] Its inhabitants wur recordit tae be Sunni Muslims in 1838.[4]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tadmur is the modren dounset o the auncient ceety o Palmira, which developit adjacently tae the north o the auncient ruins.[5] The modren ceety is built alang a grid pattern. Quwatli Street is the main road an runs east-wast, stairtin frae the Saahat al-Ra'is Square on the wastren edge o the toun.[3] The ceety currently serves as a base for tourists visitin the ruins.[5] It haes a museum in the soothwastren pairt o the ceety.[3] Sirie haulds an annual cultural festival in Tadmur celebratin the ceety's auncient heritage.[6] The Palmira Airport is locatit in Tadmur an aw.

Tadmur serves as a centre for Sirie's phosphate minin an natural gas industries.[5] The first phosphate mine run bi the govrenment wis establisht near Tadmur an stairtit production in 1971.[7] Wirk tae connect Tadmur's phosphate mines tae the port o Tartus began in 1978.[8] In 1986 Soviet surveyors discovered lairge iron ore deposits in the vicinity o Tadmur.[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004 Archived 2012-12-20 at Archive.today. Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS). Homs Govrenorate. (in Arabic)
  2. Syria uncovers 'largest church' BBC News Online, 14 November 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-16.
  3. a b c Carter, p. 205.
  4. Smith, 1841, p. 174.
  5. a b c Knowles, 2006.
  6. Cavendish, p. 439.
  7. Federal Research Division, p. 169.
  8. Federal Research Division, p. 194.
  9. Federal Research Division, p. 170.

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Carter, Terry (2008). Syria and Lebanon 3. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1741046092.
  • Smith, Eli; Robinson, Edward (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the Year 1838. 3. Crocker and Brewster.

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