Special relativity

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In physics, special relativity (SR, forby kent as the special theory o relativity or STR) is the acceptit physical theory regardin the relationship atween space an time. It is based on twa postulates: (1) that the laws o physics are invariant (i.e., identical) in aw inertial seestems (non-acceleratin frames o reference); an (2) that the speed o licht in a vacuum is the same for aw observers, regairdless o the motion o the licht soorce. It wis oreeginally proponed in 1905 bi Albert Einstein in the paper "On the Electrodynamics o Movin Bodies".[1] The inconsistency o classical mechanics wi Maxwell’s equations o electromagnetism led tae the development o special relativity, which corrects classical mechanics tae haundle situations involvin motions nearin the speed o licht. As o the day, special relativity is the maist accurate model o motion at ony speed. Even sae, classical mechanics is still uisefu (due tae its sheer simplicity an heich accuracy) as an approximation at smaa velocities relative tae the speed o licht, an it requires much less complicatit calculations.

It is pairt of the theory o relativity, an is expandit by the theory o general relativity.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Albert Einstein (1905) "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper", Annalen der Physik 17: 891; English translation On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies by George Barker Jeffery and Wilfrid Perrett (1923); Another English translation On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies by Megh Nad Saha (1920).