Spain–Turkey relations

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Spaingie–Turkis relations are foreign relations atween the Kinrick o Spain an the Republic o Turkey. Spain haes an embassy in Ankara an a consulate general in Istanbul. Turkey haes an embassy in Madrid an a consulate general in Barcelona.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

During the 16th century, Habsburg Spain an the Ottoman Empire focht for supremacy in the Mediterranean.[1][2] A hichlicht wis the battle o Lepanto whur the Spaingie-led fleet (all'eed wi the Republic o Venice an the Papal States) won ower the Ottoman fleet. In North Africaw, the Spaingie actions against the Barbary pirates (Ottoman allies) wur nae successful for long.

During this time, the Ottomans welcomed mony Sephardi Jews an Conversos, fleeing frae releegious persecution in Spain, who introduced the Gutenberg press an theater, an supportit a failed Morisco revolt. The silver brought frae Spanish Americae caused massive inflation in Spain, that extendit tae the rest o Europe an even the Ottoman Empire.

Modeen relations between the twa kintras stairtit in 1782 when the Agreement of Peace, Friendship and Trade wis signed.[3][4]

Political relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Offeecial family photo o fowerth Heich Consultative Meeting in 2012

Turkey an Spain are baith members o the Cooncil o Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the World Trade Organization, an the Union for the Mediterranean.

Tgare are nae poleetical problems between Turkey an Spain at bilateral level.[3] Spain is ane o the major kintras supportin Turkey’s membership tae the European Union.[3]

The jynt action plan signed atween Turkey an Spain, on 22 Julie 1998, established the framewirk o the bilateral relations atween the twa countries.[3]

The Alliance of Civilizations wis initiatit bi Spaingie Prime Mennister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, co-sponsored bi the Turkis Prime Meenister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.[3]

Economic relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Trade volume atween Turkey an Spain wis €5.99 billion in 2011.[5] Thare wis a development in the economic field in 2015 wi trade at USD 8.5 billion.[6]

Thare are mair than 610 Spanish firms operatin in Turkey. The value o Spanish investments in Turkey is aroond $10 billion.[7] In 2008, more than 350,000 Spanish tourists visited Turkey.[8]

Aroond 75 Turkish firms operate in Spain. The Turkish investments in Spain reached $143 million in the period o 2002-2015.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]