Puno Region

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Puno Region
Loch Titicaca, which is pairtly locatit in the Puno Region
Loch Titicaca, which is pairtly locatit in the Puno Region
Official seal of Puno Region
Location o the Puno Region in Peru
Location o the Puno Region in Peru
Coordinates: 15°04′S 70°07′W / 15.07°S 70.12°W / -15.07; -70.12Coordinates: 15°04′S 70°07′W / 15.07°S 70.12°W / -15.07; -70.12
Subdiveesions13 provinces an 108 destricts
CaipitalPuno (138000)
 • Total66997 km2 (25,868 sq mi)
Highest elevation
4725 m (15,502 ft)
Lowest elevation
820 m (2,690 ft)
 (INEI estimate 2011)
 • Total1,364,362
 • Density20/km2 (53/sq mi)
Dialin code0+51
ISO 3166 codePE-PUN
Principal resoorcesQuinoa; it is the naition's lairgest producer o potatoes, sheep, alpacas an llamas an aw.
Poverty rate60.8% (INEI 2009)
Percentage o Peru's GDP2.3%

Puno is a region in sootheastren Peru. It is bordered bi Bolivie on the east, the Madre de Dios Region on the north, the Cusco an Arequipa regions on the wast, the Moquegua Region on the soothwast, an the Tacna Region on the sooth. Its caipital is the ceety o Puno, which is locatit on Loch Titicaca in the geographical region kent as the Altiplano or heich sierra.

Puno wis the territory o the Tiahuanacos (800 A.D. – 1200 A.D.) who wur the heichest cultural expression o the Aymara fowk that established thairsels in wha is the day Peru an Bolivie. The Incas teuk ower these laund in the fifteent century, an the Spainyie, attractit bi the minin industry developit thare, left a important Colonial legacy throughout the entire aurie.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Puno region is locatit in the Collao Plateau. The wastren pairt o Loch Titicaca, which is the warld's heichest navigable loch, is locatit in the region. The Andean muntains mak up 70% o the region's territory, an the rest is covered bi the Amazon rainforest.

The loch contains numerous islands whose inhabitants continue tae live as their ancestors hae in custom an tradeetion. The Uros an example o this; this fowk group lives on "floatin islands" that they hae airtificially made entirely o totora reeds, an they navigate in their tradeetional boats made oot o totora reeds an aw. Taquile, Suasi, an Amantaní are kent for their kindness o their residents, their ancestral skill in weavin, their pre-Columbie constructions, an luvely kintraside. The Titicaca Naitional Reserve (36,180 hectares) protects extensive stretches o totora reeds an various species o plants an animals.

The climate is cauld an dry, wi a fower-month rain saison. On the ither haund, the climate o the rainforest is wairm. The watter resources are taken frae the Loch Titicaca, 50 lagoons an mair nor 300 rivers. Thare is a important potential in unnergrund watters an aw.

Poleetical diveesion[eedit | eedit soorce]

The region is dividit intae 13 provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are componit o 107 destricts (distritos, singular: distrito). The provinces, wi their caipitals in parentheses, are:

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In auncient times, the Collao plateau wis inhabitit bi Aymara groups (Collas, Zapanas, Kallahuayos an Lupacas). The Quechuas came later.

Accordin tae chronicler Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, these auncient times coincide wi the legend o Manco Cápac an Mama Ocllo, who emergit frae the watters o Loch Titicaca tae foond the Inca Empire.

The Aymara cultur, kent as Putina an aw, wis the maist important an influential pre-Hispanic cultur in the region.

Durin the Viceryship, Puno wis the obligit route for travelers goin tae Potosí, Bolivie. In 1668, viceroy Conde de Lemos established San Juan Bautista de Puno as the caipital o the province o Paucarcolla. Later, it wis cried San Carlos de Puno, in honor o the rulin keeng, Charles II o Spain.

In 1870, the railwey route Arequipa-Puno wis instawed an navigation in Loch Titicaca stairtit.

In 2007, a meteorite laundit in the region, triggerin a widespread illness amangst the locals. The exact cause o the illness is unkent, but is speculatit tae be a result o arsenic or ither toxic chemicals that mey hae been released bi the heat o impact.

Leid an ethnicity[eedit | eedit soorce]

Indigenous fowk are the majority in the Puno region. As o 2011, 41.4% o Puno's inhabitants speak Quechua, 30.39% speak Aymara; 0.05% speak Ashaninka; an 0.03% speak anither indigenous leid. Monolingual Spainyie speakers mak up 28.1% o the population.[1]

Accordin tae the 2007 Peru Census, the leid learnt first bi maist o the residents wis Quechua (38.01%) follaeed bi Spainyie (34.81%) an Aymara (26.93%). The follaein table shows the results concernin the leid learnt first in the Puno Region bi province:[2]

Province Quechua Aymara Asháninka Anither native leid Spainyie Foreign leid Deaf or mute Total
Azángaro 104,456 364 12 136 23,759 6 172 128,905
Carabaya 57,703 426 6 23 10,385 14 39 68,596
Chucuito 673 86,305 170 33 31,964 8 127 119,280
El Collao 503 59,347 116 17 17,505 1 78 77,567
Huancane 20,400 35,249 32 11 10,392 5 93 66,182
Lampa 34,085 168 7 13 11,357 16 68 45,714
Melgar 49,655 163 4 13 20,479 13 65 70,392
Moho 146 22,592 41 3 3,624 - 41 26,447
Puno 60,261 57,716 119 37 98,875 625 166 217,799
Putina 28,537 4,439 15 24 14,328 1 39 47,383
San Román 67,746 19,399 48 60 139,850 40 176 227,319
Sandia 31,399 6,117 14 4 20,702 4 57 58,297
Yunguyo 252 30,691 57 18 14,177 10 32 45,237
Total 455,816 322,976 641 392 417,397 743 1,153 1,199,118
% 38.01 26.93 0.05 0.03 34.81 0.06 0.10 100.00

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

Uros Floatin Islands in Puno.
Suasi Island.

Tourism is currently expandin in the Puno Region, wi several tour operators an hotels rangin frae law budget hostels tae heich-end hotels.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Blanco Gallegos, Melanie (11 Mairch 2011). "Quechuas se impondrán ante los aymaras en elecciones del 10 de abril". Los Andes. Puno. Archived frae the original on 6 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 16 Julie 2011.
  2. inei.gob.pe Archived 2013-01-27 at the Wayback Machine INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007