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Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

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Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
Portrait bi Gustave Courbet, 1865
Born15 Januar 1809(1809-01-15)
Besançon, France
Dee'd19 Januar 1865(1865-01-19) (aged 56)
Passy, Paris, Fraunce
Era19t-century philosofie
RegionWastren Filosofie
SchuilSocialism, anarchism, mutualism
Main interests
Liberty, property, authority, poverty, social juistice, egalitarianism
Notable ideas
Property is theft, anarchy is order, economic federation, anarchist gradualism, dual pouer[note 1]

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (French: [pjɛʁ ʒɔzɛf pʁudɔ̃]; 15 Januar 1809 – 19 Januar 1865) wis a French politeecian an the foonder o mutualist philosofie. He wis the first person tae declare himsel an anarchist[1][2] an is widely regairdit as ane o the ideology's maist influential theorists. Proudhon is even considert bi mony tae be the "faither o anarchism".[3]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The "dual pouer" wis first uised bi Vladimir Lenin, but it wis conceptually first ootlined bi Proudhon—Murray Bookchin, The Third Revolution: Popular Movements in the Revolutionary Era, Volume 2, A&C Black, 1996, p. 115: "Proudhon made the bright suggestion, in his periodical Le Représentant du peuple (April 28, 1848), that the mass democracy o the clubs could acome a popular forum whaur the social agenda o the revolution coud be prepared for uise bi the Constituent Assembly—a proponal that would essentially hae defused the potency o the clubs as a potentially rebellious dual pouer."

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. John M. Merriman, The Dynamite Club (2009), p. 42
  2. Leier, Mark (2006). Bakunin: The Creative Passion. Seven Stories Press. p. 211. ISBN 978-1-58322-894-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. Daniel Guerin, Anarchism: From Theory to Practice (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1970).