Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province

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Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Offeecial seal o Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Nickname(s): Ayutthaya
Map o Thailand heichlichtin Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province
Map o Thailand heichlichtin Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province
Kintra  Thailand
Caipital Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
 • Govrenor Witthaya Phiophong (syne Mairch 2009)
 • Total 2,556.6 km2 (987.1 sq mi)
Aurie rank Rankit 62nt
Population (2011)
 • Tot 787,653
 • Rank Rankit 32nt
 • Density 310/km2 (800/sq mi)
 • Density rank Rankit 10t
Time zone Thailand Staundart Time (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-14

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (or Ayutthaya, Thai: พระนครศรีอยุธยา [ājúttʰājāː]) is ane o the central provinces (changwat) o Thailand. Neebourin provinces are (frae north clockwise) Ang Thong, Lop Buri, Saraburi, Pathum Thani, Nonthaburi, Nakhon Pathom an Suphan Buri.

The name Ayutthaya derives frae the Ayodhya o the Ramayana epic.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, coverin 2,556 square kilometres, is locatit in the flat river plain o the Chao Phraya river valley. The presence o the Lop Buri an Pa Sak rivers makes the province a major rice farmin aurie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Ayutthaya Kinrick

Ayutthaya wis foondit in 1350 bi King U-Thong. It wis the caipital o Thailand (then cried Siam) for 417 years frae 1350 till it wis sacked bi the Burmese airmy in 1767. Durin this era, nou uisually referred as the Ayutthaya period or Ayutthaya Kinrick, Ayutthaya wis ruled bi 33 keengs o 5 different dynasties. The kinrick became a major regional player, an a trade center o the East, a meetin point o European merchants an Asian traders. Notable monarchs durin the Ayutthaya period include Keeng Naresuan the Great, who leeberatit Ayutthaya frae the first Burmese occupation an embarked on a reign o conquest, an Keeng Narai the Great, who initiatit diplomatic relations wi Fraunce, durin the reign o Louis XIV. His reign wis the gowden age o trade an cultur.

The ceety wis positioned in a strategic position. Durin several months o the year, the flood plains aroond the ceeties wad be floodit bi the mony rivers aroond the ceety. Enemy sieges wur thus impossible, an forced tae athdraw. This advantage wis a contributin factor in the mony failed Burmese invasions.

The ruins o the auld caipital in the Ayutthaya historical pairk hae been a UNESCO Warld Heritage Site syne December 1991. The province is an aa hame tae the Bang Pa-in simmer palace complex.

Oreeginally named Krung Kao (กรุงเก่า), the province wis renamed tae Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya in 1919.[1]

Seembols[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae legend Keeng Ramathibodi I foond a bonnie conch buried in the grund, an chose the site as the place for his future caipital. He then placed the conch on a pedestal tray an built a pavilion aroond it. The seal shows this pavilion wi the provincial tree ahint it.

The provincial flouer is ดอกโสน (Dok son) Sesbania aculeata, an the provincial tree is the Fragrant Manjack (Cordia dichotoma). The provincial slogan ราชธานีเก่า อู่ข้าวอู่น้ำ เลิศล้ำกานท์กวี คนดีศรีอยุธยา can be translatit as "Auld caipital ceety, fuid larder o the kintra, poet laureates galore, an naitional heroes".

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]


The province is subdividit intae saxteen destricts (amphoe), 209 communes (tambon)/sub-destricts an 1328 veelages (muban). Thare are twa destricts which hae the same Inglis/Scots name; housomeivver this is anerly acause the different pronunciation an thus different spellin in Thai gets lost in romanization. Ayutthaya is unique amang the provinces o Thailand in that the destrict o its caipital ceety is no cried Amphoe Mueang [Ayutthaya], as the common scheme wad suggest, but rather Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya:

  1. Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
  2. Tha Ruea
  3. Nakhon Luang
  4. Bang Sai (บางไทร)
  5. Bang Ban
  6. Bang Pa-in
  7. Bang Pahan
  8. Phak Hai
  1. Phachi
  2. Lat Bua Luang
  3. Wang Noi
  4. Sena
  5. Bang Sai (บางซ้าย)
  6. Uthai
  7. Maha Rat
  8. Ban Phraek

References[eedit | eedit soorce]