Ayutthaya (ceety)

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Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Official seal of Ayutthaya
Ayutthaya is located in Thailand
Coordinates: 14°20′52″N 100°33′38″E / 14.34778°N 100.56056°E / 14.34778; 100.56056
 • TeepCeety municipality
 • MayorSomsong Sappakosonlakul
 • Total14.84 km2 (5.73 sq mi)
 • Total52,952
 • Density3,600/km2 (9,200/sq mi)
 Registered residents only
Time zoneUTC+7 (Thailand)
Websiteof Ayutthaya

Ayutthaya (full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thai: พระนครศรีอยุธยา, Thai pronunciation: [pʰráʔ náʔkʰɔːn sǐː ʔajúttʰajaː]; an aa spelled "Ayudhya") is the caipital o the Ayutthaya province in Thailand. The ceety wis foondit in 1350 bi Keeng U Thong, who went there tae escape a smapox ootbreak in Lop Buri an proclaimed it the caipital o his kinrick, aften referred tae as the Ayutthaya Kinrick or Siam. It is estimatit that Ayutthaya bi the year 1600 CE haed a population o aboot 300,000, wi the population aiblins reachin 1,000,000 aroond 1700 CE, makin it ane o the warld's lairgest ceeties at that time.[1]

In 1767 the ceety wis destroyed bi the Burmese airmy, resultin in the collapse o the kinrick. The ruins o the auld ceety nou form the Ayutthaya historical pairk, which is recognized internaitionally as a UNESCO Warld Heritage Site. The ceety wis refoondit a few kilometers tae the east. The ceety is sometimes cawed "Venice o the East".[2][3]

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ayutthaya is namit efter the ceety o Ayodhya in Indie, the birthplace o Rama in the Ramayana (Thai, Ramakien); [Phra] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help) is a Thai ryal an noble title; [Nakhon] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help) designates an important or caipital ceety; Thai honorific Sri or Si is frae the Indian term o veneration Sri.

Ayutthaya Toun Centre[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is locatit at the junction o the Chao Phraya, Lopburi an Pa Sak rivers, an on the main north-sooth railway linkin Chiang Mai tae Bangkok. The auld ceety is on an island formit bi a bend o the Chao Phraya on the wast an sooth sides, the Pa Sak on the east side an the Klong Muang canal on the northren side.

The approximate centre o the auld ceety is 14°20′N 100°34′E / 14.333°N 100.567°E / 14.333; 100.567

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. George Modelski, World Cities: –3000 to 2000, Washington DC: FAROS 2000, 2003. ISBN 978-0-9676230-1-6. See also Evolutionary World Politics Homepage Archived 2008-12-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. The Times Of India http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/features/et-travel/Ayutthaya-Thailands-historic-city/articleshow/3307967.cms. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. Derick Garnier (2004). Ayutthaya: Venice of the East. River books. ISBN 9-7482-2560-7. line feed character in |title= at position 11 (help)