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Negeri Perak

Perak Darul Ridzuan
ڨيرق دار الرّضوان
Banner o Negeri Perak
Coat of airms o Negeri Perak
Coat airms
Perak AmanJaya
Anthem: Allah Lanjutkan Usia Sultan
   Perak in    Malaysie
   Perak in    Malaysie
Coordinates: 4°45′N 101°0′E / 4.750°N 101.000°E / 4.750; 101.000
Ryal caipitalKuala Kangsar
 • SultanSultan Azlan Shah
 • Menteri BesarZambry Abdul Kadir (UMNO)
 • Total21035 km2 (8,122 sq mi)
 • Total2,258,428
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Human Development Index
 • HDI (2010)0.719 (high) (8th)
Postal code
30xxx to 36xxx
Cawin code05
Vehicle registrationA
Pangkor treaty1874
Federatit intae FMS1895
Japanese occupation1942
Accession intae the Federation o Malaya1948

Perak (Jawi: ڨيرق,), ane o the 13 states o Malaysie, is the seicont lairgest state in Peninsular Malaysie. It borders Kedah an the Thai Yala Province tae the north; Penang tae the northwast; Kelantan an Pahang tae the east; Selangor tae the sooth, an the Straits o Malacca tae the wast.

The state's admeenistrative caipital o Ipoh wis kent historically for tin-minin activities till the price o the metal droppit, severely affectin the state's economy. The ryal caipital, housomeivver remains at Kuala Kangsar, whaur the palace o the Sultan o Perak is locatit.

The Arabic honorific o Perak is Darul Ridzuan ("Abode o Grace").

The state's offeecial name is Perak Darul Ridzuan (Jawi: ڨيرق دار الرّضوان), or "Perak, the Abode o Grace" Perak means siller in Malay, which is probably derivit frae the silvery colour o tin. In the 1890s, Perak, wi the richest alluvial deposits o tin in the warld wis ane o the jewels in the croun o the Breetish Empire. Housomeivver, some say the name comes frae the "glimmer o fish in the watter" that sparkled lik siller. Darul Ridzuan is the state's Arabic honorific, an can mean aither "land" or "abode" o grace.


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  1. "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 27. Archived frae the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 24 Januar 2011.
  2. "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. iv. Archived frae the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 24 Januar 2011.

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