Omar al-Bashir

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Omar al-Bashir
عمر البشير
Omar al-Bashir, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-137.jpg
7t Preses o Sudan
Assumed office
30 Juin 1989
Vice Preses Zubair Mohamed Salih
Ali Osman Taha
John Garang
Salva Kiir Mayardit
Ali Osman Taha
Bakri Hassan Saleh
Precedit bi Ahmed al-Mirghani
Personal details
Born Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir
1 Januar 1944 (1944-01-01) (age 71)
Hosh Bannaga, Sudan
Poleetical pairty Naitional Congress
Alma mater Egyptian Militar Academy
Military service
Allegiance  Sudan
Service/branch Sudanese Airmy
Egyptian Airmy
Years o service 1960–2013
Rank  Sudan: Field Marshal
Battles/wars First Sudanese Ceevil War
Yom Kippur War
Seicont Sudanese Ceevil War

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (born 1 Januar 1944) is the current Preses o Sudan an the heid o the Naitional Congress Pairty. He came tae pouer in 1989 when he, as a brigadier in the Sudanese airmy, led a group o officers in a bloodless military coup that oostit the government o Prime Meenister Sadiq al-Mahdi.[1]

In October 2004, al-Bashir's government negotiatit an end tae the Seicont Sudanese Civil War, ane o the langest-runnin an deadliest wars o the 20t century, bi grantin limited autonomy tae Soothren Sudan dominatit bi the Sudan People's Liberation Airmy (SPLA). Since then, housomeivver, there haes been a violent conflict in Darfur that haes resultit in daith tolls atween 200,000[2] an 400,000.[3][4][5] Durin his presidency, there hae been several violent struggles atween the Janjaweed militia an rebel groups such as the Sudanese Liberation Airmy (SLA) an the Justice an Equality Movement (JEM) in the form o guerrilla warfare in the Darfur region. The civil war haes resultit in ower 2.5 million fowk being displaced,[6] an the diplomatic relations atween Sudan an Chad being at a crisis level.[7]

Al-Bashir is a controversial figure baith in Sudan an Warldwide. In Julie 2008, the prosecutor o the International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno Ocampo, accused al-Bashir o genocide, crimes against humanity an war crimes in Darfur.[8] The court issued an arrest warrant for al-Bashir on 4 Mairch 2009 on coonts o war crimes an crimes against humanity, but ruled that there wis insufficient evidence tae prosecute him for genocide.[9][10] However on 12 Julie 2010, efter a lengthy appeal bi the prosecution, the Court held that there wis indeed sufficient evidence for chairges o genocide tae be brought an issued a seicont warrant containin three separate coonts. The new warrant, as with the first, will be delivered to the Sudanese government, which is unlikely to execute it.[10] Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state ever indicted by the ICC as well as the first to be chairged wi genocide.[10] The court's decision is opposed bi the African Union, League o Arab States, Non-Aligned Movement, an the governments o Roushie an the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae.[11] Ane expert haes cawed on the court tae suspend the arrest warrant.[12]

It haes been estimatit that Al-Bashir is responsible for the daiths o ower a million Sudanese.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "FACTBOX – Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir". Reuters. 2008-07-14. Retrieved 2008-07-16. 
  2. "Q&A: Sudan's Darfur conflict". BBC News. 23 February 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  4. People's Daily Online – Darfur peace talks to resume in Abuja on Tuesday: AU
  5. "Hundreds Killed in Attacks in Eastern Chad". The Washington Post. 11 April 2007. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  6. de Montesquiou, Alfred (16 October 2006). "AUF Ineffective, Complain Refugees in Darfur". Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  7. "Sudan cuts Chad ties over attack". BBC News. 11 May 2008. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  8. International Criminal Court (2008-07-14). "ICC Prosecutor presents case against Sudanese President, Hassan Ahmad AL BASHIR, for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur". Archived from the original on 2009-08-25. Retrieved 2009-03-14. 
  9. International Criminal Court (4 March 2009). Warrant of Arrest for Omar Hassan Ahmad Al Bashir PDF (358 KB). Retrieved on 4 March 2009.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 BBC News, 4 March 2009. Warrant issued for Sudan's Bashir . Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  11. DAILY NATION – After Bashir warrant, Sudan united in protest
  12. Alex de Waal, "Dangerous Weeks Ahead"