Navidad, Chile

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Navidad
Commune
Calle en Navidad.jpg
Coat o airms o Navidad
Coat o airms
Map o Navidad commune in O'Higgins Region
Map o Navidad commune in O'Higgins Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Navidad
Location in Chile
Coordinates (ceety): 33°57′S 71°50′W / 33.950°S 71.833°W / -33.950; -71.833Coordinates: 33°57′S 71°50′W / 33.950°S 71.833°W / -33.950; -71.833
Country Chile Chile
Region O'Higgins Region O'Higgins
Province Cardenal Caro Province Cardenal Caro
Govrenment[1]
 • Teep Municipality
 • Alcalde Horacio Maldonado Mondaca
Aurie[2]
 • Tot 300.4 km2 (116.0 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[2]
 • Tot 5,324
 • Density 18/km2 (46/sq mi)
 • Urban 712
 • landwart 4,710
Sex[2]
 • Men 2,878
 • weemen 2,544
Time zone CLT [3] (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST [4] (UTC-3)
Aurie code(s) (+56) 72
Wabsteid Municipality o Navidad

Navidad (Spaingie pronunciation: [naβiˈðað]) is ane o the six communes in Cardenal Caro Province, O'Higgins Region, Chile. It borders the commune o Santo Domingo (Valparaíso Region) an San Pedro (Santiago Metropolitan Region) in the north, the commune o Litueche tae the east an sooth, an the Pacific Ocean tae the west. The commune haes approximately 20 kilometres o coastline.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

According tae the 2002 census o the Chilean National Statistics Institute, Navidad spans an aurie o 300.4 km2 (116 sq mi) an haes 5,422 inhabitants (2,878 men an 2,544 weemen). o these, 712 (13.1%) lived in urban auries an 4,710 (86.9%) in landwart auries. The population fell bi only 1 person atween the 1992 an 2002 censuses.[2]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The landscape o the commune is predominantly plateau, rolling hills an ravines, common features o the central coastline o Chile. The Rapel River is the main water source, though there are also some small streams an lagoons, such as El Culenar.

Navidad haes attractit visitors due tae its unusual geological feature, the Navidad Formation, marine rock strata containing fossilised marine life dating frae the late Miocene tae the early Pliocene eras, approximately 5 million years ago.[5] The formations were studied bi the English naturalist Charles Darwin in the 19t century. The French scientist an painter Claudio Gay wis also commissioned bi the Chilean government tae study the aurie, as wis the German geologist Rodolfo Philippi.

Origin an history[eedit | eedit soorce]

The modern toun an commune boundaries were established on September 28, 1936, wi the municipality authorities placed in the toun o Navidad, the lairgest in the commune. In 1585, the Franciscan monk Diego de Medellín, third bishop o Santiago, wis concerned aboot the o the local fowk an wrote tae the King o Spain aboot Navidad, Rapel, Matanzas an other settlements in the aurie, providing proof o the early origins o the name.

One tradition holds that ane Christenmas Eve in the sixteent century, the first Franciscan monks came tae the port o Matanzas an celebratit Christenmas there, staying in the valley for several days. They called the place Navidad, the Spanish word for Christenmas.

Other versions o the story claim that the name Navidad originatit wi the Jesuits an the Jesuit convent locatit in Bucalemu. Jesuits played an important role in the conversion an education o the native fowk, teaching no just religion but also various artisan skills.

None o this versions is confirmed.

Administration[eedit | eedit soorce]

As a commune, Navidad is a third-level admeenistrative diveesion o Chile administered bi a municipal cooncil an led bi an alcalde, who is directly electit every four years.

The current alcalde is Horacio Maldonado Mondaca.[1][6]

Athin the electoral divisions o Chile, Navidad is representit in the Chamber o Deputies bi Mr. Ramón Barros (UDI) an Mr. Juan Carlos Latorre (PDC) as pairt o the 35t electoral district, (thegither wi Placilla, Nancagua, Chépica, Santa Cruz, Lolol, Pumanque, Palmilla, Peralillo, Litueche, La Estrella, Pichilemu, Marchihue an Paredones). The commune is representit in the Senate bi Andrés Chadwick Piñera (UDI) an Juan Pablo Letelier Morel (PS) as pairt o the 9t senatorial constituency (O'Higgins Region).

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate o Navidad is Mediterranean, wi rain frae April tae October an a dry summer. The coastline is very windy wi big waves, makkin it a popular location for surfing.[7]

Navidad haes a strong farming tradition, an ane interesting activity that can be observed here is the (Trilla a yegua suelta) festival, where mares are driven loose ower harvestit wheat tae separate the grain frae the chaff.

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Municipality o Navidad" (in Spaingie). Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "National Statistics Institute" (in Spaingie). Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  3. "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  4. "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28. 
  5. Nuevo esquema estratigráfico para los depósitos marinos mio-pliocenos del área de Navidad (33º00'-34º30'S), Chile central Revista Geológica de Chile, Alfonso Encinas July 2006, number 33, page 221 tae 246, retrieved June 20, 2013
  6. [1] http://www.sinim.gov.cl/ retrieved June 20, 2013
  7. Surfing in Chile This is chile August 01, 2009, retrieved August 11, 2013

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]