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Starr 010309-0546 Calophyllum inophyllum.jpg
Flouer o Calophyllum inophyllum (Calophyllaceae)
Scienteefic clessification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl[1]

Malpighiales is ane o the lairgest orders o flouerin plants, containin aboot 16000 species, approximately 7.8% o the eudicots.[2] The order is very diverse, containin plants as different as the willow, violet, Poinsettia an coca plant, an haird tae recognize except wi molecular phylogenetic evidence. It is nae pairt o ony o the classification seestems that are based anly on plant morphology.

Malpighiales is dividit intae 32 tae 42 faimilies, dependin upon which clades in the order are given the taxonomic rank o faimily.[3] In the APG III seestem, 35 faimilies are recognized.[1] Medusagynaceae, Quiinaceae, Peraceae, Malesherbiaceae, Turneraceae, Samydaceae, an Scyphostegiaceae are consolidated intae ither faimilies. The lairgest faimily, by far, is Euphorbiaceae, wi aboot 6300 species in aboot 245 genera.[4]

In a 2009 study o DNA sequences o 13 genes, 42 faimilies wur placed intae 16 groups, rangin in size frae ane tae ten faimilies. Almaist nothing is kent aboot the relationships amang these 16 groups.[3] Malpighiales an Lamiales are the twa lairge orders whose phylogeny remains maistly unresolved.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. 
  2. Peter F. Stevens (2001 onwards). Malpighiales At: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website At: Missouri Botanical Garden Website
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kenneth J. Wurdack and Charles C. Davis (2009), "Malpighiales phylogenetics: Gaining ground on one of the most recalcitrant clades in the angiosperm tree of life", American Journal of Botany 96 (8): 1551–1570, doi:10.3732/ajb.0800207, PMID 21628300 
  4. Alan Radcliffe-Smith. 2001. Genera Euphorbiacearum. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Richmond, England.
  5. Douglas E. Soltis, Pamela S. Soltis, Peter K. Endress, and Mark W. Chase (2005), Phylogeny and Evolution of the Angiosperms, Sunderland, MA, USA: Sinauer, ISBN 978-0-87893-817-9