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Lamiales is an order in the asterid group o dicotyledonous flouerin plants. It includes approximately 11,000 speshies dividit intae aboot 20 faimilies. Well-kent or economically important memmers o this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the esh tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, gairden sage, an a nummer o table yerbs sic as mint, basil, an rosemary.

Characteristics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Speshies in this order teepically hae the followin chairacteristics, awtho thare are exceptions tae aw o them:

Taxonomic History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lamiales previously haed a restrictit circumscription (e.g., bi Arthur Cronquist) that included the major faimilies Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Verbenaceae, an Boraginaceae plus a few smawer faimilies. Recent phylogenetic wirk haes shawn that Lamiales is polyphyletic wi respect tae order Scrophulariales an the twa groups are nou uisually combined in a single order that an aa includes the umwhile orders Hippuridales an Plantaginales. Lamiales haes acome the preferred name for this much lairger combined group. The placement o Boraginaceae is unclear but phylogenetic wirk shows that this faimily daes nae belong in Lamiales.

An aa, the circumscription o faimily Scrophulariaceae, formerly a paraphyletic group defined primarily bi plesiomorphic chairacters an frae within which numerous ether faimilies o the Lamiales war derived, haes been radically altered tae creaut a nummer o smawer, better-defined an putatively monophyletic faimilies.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Lamiales at Wikimedia Commons Data relatit tae Lamiales at Wikispecies