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Galeopsis speciosa (Zellwald).jpg
Galeopsis speciosa
Scienteefic clessification
Kinrick: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales

Lamiales is an order in the asterid group o dicotyledonous flouerin plants. It includes approximately 11,000 speshies divided intae aboot 20 faimilies. Well-kent or economically important memmers o this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the esh tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, gairden sage, an a nummer o table yerbs such as mint, basil, an rosemary.

Characteristics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Speshies in this order typically hae the followin characteristics, although there are exceptions tae aw o them:

Taxonomic History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lamiales previously haed a restrictit circumscription (e.g., by Arthur Cronquist) that included the major faimilies Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Verbenaceae, an Boraginaceae plus a few smaller faimilies. Recent phylogenetic wirk haes shown that Lamiales is polyphyletic wi respect tae order Scrophulariales an the twa groups are now usually combined in a single order that also includes the umwhile orders Hippuridales an Plantaginales. Lamiales haes become the preferred name for this much lairger combined group. The placement o Boraginaceae is unclear but phylogenetic wirk shows that this faimily does nae belong in Lamiales.

Also, the circumscription o faimily Scrophulariaceae, formerly a paraphyletic group defined primarily bi plesiomorphic characters an frae within which numerous ether faimilies o the Lamiales were derived, haes been radically altered tae create a nummer o smaller, better-defined an putatively monophyletic faimilies.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Lamiales at Wikimedia Commons Data relatit tae Lamiales at Wikispecies