Major depressive disorder

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Major depressive disorder
SynonymsClinical depression, major depression, unipolar depression, unipolar disorder, recurrent depression
Vincent van Gogh's 1890 pentin
Sorraein auld man ('At Eternity's Gate')
SymptomsLaw muid, law sel-esteem, loss o interest in normally enjoyable activities, law energy, pyne withoot a clear cause[1]
Uisual onset20s–30s[3][4]
Duration> 2 weeks[1]
CausesGenetic, environmental, an psychological factors[1]
Risk factorsFaimily history, major life cheenges, certain medications, chronic heal problems, substance abuiss[1][3]
Seemilar condeetionsSadness[3]
TreatmentCoonselin, antidepressant medication, electroconvulsive therapy[1]
Frequency216 million (2015)[5]

Major depressive disorder (MDD), kent simply as depression, is a mental disorder chairacterised bi at least twa weeks o law muid that is present athort maist situations.[1] It is eften accompanied bi law self-esteem, loss o interest in normally enjoyable activities, law energy, an pyne wioot a clear cause.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c d e f g "Depression". NIMH. Mey 2016. Archived frae the original on 5 August 2016. Retrieved 31 Julie 2016. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. Richards, C. Steven; O'Hara, Michael W. (2014). The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity (in Inglis). Oxford University Press. p. 254. ISBN 9780199797042.
  3. a b c American Psychiatric Association (2013), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.), Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing, pp. 160–168, ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8, archived frae the original on 31 Julie 2016, retrieved 22 Julie 2016 Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  4. Kessler, RC; Bromet, EJ (2013). "The epidemiology of depression across cultures". Annual Review of Public Health. 34: 119–38. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031912-114409. PMC 4100461. PMID 23514317.
  5. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577. PMID 27733282.