Major depressive disorder

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Major depressive disorder
Synonyms Clinical depression, major depression, unipolar depression, unipolar disorder, recurrent depression
Van Gogh - Trauernder alter Mann.jpeg
Vincent van Gogh's 1890 pentin
Sorraein auld man ('At Eternity's Gate')
Specialty Psychiatry
Symptoms Law muid, law sel-esteem, loss o interest in normally enjoyable activities, law energy, pyne withoot a clear cause[1]
Complications Suicide[2]
Uisual onset 20s–30s[3][4]
Duration > 2 weeks[1]
Causes Genetic, environmental, an psychological factors[1]
Risk factors Faimily history, major life cheenges, certain medications, chronic heal problems, substance abuiss[1][3]
Seemilar condeetions Sadness[3]
Treatment Coonselin, antidepressant medication, electroconvulsive therapy[1]
Frequency 216 million (2015)[5]

Major depressive disorder (MDD), an aa kent simply as depression, is a mental disorder chairacterised bi at least twa weeks o law muid that is present athort maist situations.[1] It is eften accompanied bi law self-esteem, loss o interest in normally enjoyable activities, law energy, an pyne withoot a clear cause.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Depression". NIMH. May 2016. Archived frae the oreeginal on 5 August 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  2. Richards, C. Steven; O'Hara, Michael W. (2014). The Oxford Handbook of Depression and Comorbidity (in Inglis). Oxford University Press. p. 254. ISBN 9780199797042. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 American Psychiatric Association (2013), Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.), Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing, pp. 160–168, ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8, archived frae the oreeginal on 31 July 2016, retrieved 22 July 2016 
  4. Kessler, RC; Bromet, EJ (2013). "The epidemiology of depression across cultures". Annual Review of Public Health. 34: 119–38. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031912-114409. PMC 4100461Freely accessible. PMID 23514317. 
  5. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577Freely accessible. PMID 27733282.