Luna 1

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A museum replica
Mission teepLunar impactor
OperatorSoviet Union
Harvard designation1959 Mu 1
COSPAR ID1959-012A
SATCAT no.112
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass361 kilogram (796 lb)
Stairt o mission
Launch dateNot recognized as a date. Years must have 4 digits (use leading zeros for years < 1000). UTC
RocketLuna 8K72
Launch steidBaikonur 1/5
Orbital parameters
Reference seestemHeliocentric
Semi-major axis1.146 AU
Perihelion0.9766 AU
Aphelion1.315 AU
Inclination0.01 degrees[citation needit]
Period450 days
Lunar fleebi (failed impact)
Closest approach4 Januar 1959
Distance5,995 kilometre (3,725 mi)

Luna 1, forby kent as Mechta (Roushie: Мечта, lit.: Dream),[1] E-1 No.4 an First Cosmic Ship,[2] wis the first spacecraft tae reach the vicinity o the Yird's Muin, an the first spacecraft tae be placed in heliocentric orbit.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. David Darling, The complete book of spaceflight: from Apollo 1 to zero gravity. John Wiley and Sons, 2003, p. 244. ISBN 0-471-05649-9
  2. Brian Harvey, Russian planetary exploration: history, development, legacy, prospects. Springer, 2007, p.26. ISBN 0-387-46343-7