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Banner o Lourinhã
Coat of airms o Lourinhã
Coat airms
Location in Portugal
Location in Portugal
Coordinates: 39°14′N 9°18′W / 39.233°N 9.300°W / 39.233; -9.300Coordinates: 39°14′N 9°18′W / 39.233°N 9.300°W / 39.233; -9.300
Kintra Portugal
 • MayorJosé Custódio (PS)
 • Total147.2 km2 (56.8 sq mi)
 • Total24,601
 • Density167/km2 (430/sq mi)
Pairishes (no.)8
Municipal holidaySaunt John
June 24

Lourinhã (Portuguese pronunciation: [loɾiˈɲɐ̃]) is a municipality in the Destrict o Lisbon, in subregion Oeste in Portugal wi a total aurie o 147.2 km² an a total population o 24,601 inhabitants. The seat o the municipality is the toun o Lourinhã, wi a population o 8,800 inhabitants.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Lourinhã possibly oreeginatit in the period o Roman domination, when a villa wis locatit in the aurie. The oreegin o the medieval veelage is linkit tae Jordan, a French knicht who teuk pairt in the successful Siege o Lisbon in 1147. Keeng Afonso Henriques grantit Jordan the region o Lourinhã as fief an alloued him tae grant a foral (letter o feudal richts) tae its settlers in 1160. The name Lourinhã mey be relatit tae the oreegin o its feudal laird, syne Jordan wis frae the Loire region in Fraunce.

Santo António Convent Kirk in Lourinhã.

The richts o Lourinhã wur confirmit bi letters o Keeng Sancho I in 1218 an again bi Afonso III in 1258. The pairish o Lourinhã became ane o the richest o the Lisbon Diocese, as reflectit by its main kirk, a fine example o 14t-hunderyear Portuguese Gothic airchitectur. The Gothic wirks o the main kirk wur sponsored bi Lourenço Vicente, a Lourinhã-born Airchbishop o Braga who receivit the veelage as a donation o Keeng John I in 1384.

In the 16t hunderyear, the Franciscan monastery o Santo António (1598) an a Misericórdia Kirk an Charity (1586) wur foondit in Lourinhã. The Misericórdia (Mercy), a releegious charity, nou hooses a museum wi ootstaundin Renaissance pentins. The maist important pentins are bi the haund o a mysterious early 16t-century penter, dubbit the Maister o Lourinhã (Mestre da Lourinhã).

Stairtin at the end o the 19t hunderyear, the infrastructur o the municipality wis modernisit wi roads, canalised watter an electric licht, as well as improvements in the eddicational seestem. The economy dependit maistly on agricultur an fishin. Tourism is a increasinly important source o revenue, due tae the municipality's extensive, picturesque beaches an, mair recently, bi the paleontological remains, which include fossilisit bones, fuitprints, eggs an even embryos frae Jurassic dinosaurs. Mony o which can be seen nouadays at the local museum, Museu da Lourinhã.

Lourinhã, is ane o the few brandy-makkin auries, besides Cognac, Armagnac an Jerez, that hae receivit appellation status.

Ceevil pairishes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Admeenistratively, the municipality is dividit intae 8 ceevil parishes (freguesias):[1]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population o Lourinhã municipality (1801 – 2004)
1801 1849 1900 1930 1960 1981 1991 2001 2004
3366 6481 12154 17049 22927 21245 21596 23265 24601

Beaches[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lourinhã haes 12 km o coastline wi several popular beaches.

  • Praia de Areal
  • Praia da Areia Branca
  • Praia do Caniçal
  • Praia de Paimogo
  • Praia de Vale Frades
  • Praia de Porto das Barcas
  • Praia da Peralta

Paleontology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie o Lourinhã is kent bi the Late Jurassic fyndins o dinosaurs an ither fossils, an gie the name for Lourinhã Formation. The Museu da Lourinhã hauds the main dinosaur collection.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 62" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 Julie 2014.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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